I historiekanons skugga : historieämne och identifikationsformering i 2000-talets mångkulturella samhälle

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I historiekanons skugga : historieämne och identifikationsformering i 2000-talets mångkulturella samhälle

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Publication Doctoral Thesis
Title I historiekanons skugga : historieämne och identifikationsformering i 2000-talets mångkulturella samhälle
Author(s) Lozic, Vanja
Date 2010
English abstract
Sweden has on various occasions been described as a multicultural society. So-called multicultural social change has resulted in numerous implications regarding attitudes in respect of history as a subject taught at upper secondary schools. The aim of this study is to problematise the relationship between students' (ethnic) identification and their view of history as a subject. The study focuses on the affects of history teaching on the students' perception of ethnic identification. On the basis of interviews with students, teachers as well as authors of history textbooks I analyse attitudes regarding the content and aim of history as a school subject as well as student's understanding of their ethnic identification. In addition I ask what the aim of history teaching in so-called multicultural societies is, discussing what kind of historical knowledge the interviewees regard as relevant and studying processes of identification. Consequently, I attempt to show what is expected of history as a subject in order for it to be accepted as both applicable and significant within a so-called multicultural social context. Many students want to learn about the history of their parents' country of birth, regarding it as a part of their identification. According to many students, prevalent history is Eurocentric, disregarding the importance of other cultures. Despite this, the importance of transmitting knowledge about Swedish and Western European history is widely articulated. Students' views regarding the content and aim of history are affected by aspects such as, a global economy, the media's impact on their world-view, their food-habits, their common generational experiences, their plans to travel and study abroad. Moreover, students are affected by visits to and contact with their parents' country of birth, their parents' world-views, their own complex ethnic identification, their relationships with their friends as well as where they are geographically. In addition, I examine how emigration from Sweden between 1850 and 1930 and post war immigration to the country have been depicted. The latter is based on selected history and civics textbooks, all published in Sweden between 1962 and 2007. By and large, textbooks construct a ‘we group’, which is described as culturally different from the ‘them group’ (immigrants), that is to say those who are discursively constructed as a group which deviates from the cultural norms that are regarded as dominant and universal for Swedish society.
Swedish abstract
Sverige har i olika sammanhang beskrivits som ett mångkulturellt land. I avhandlingen I historiekanons skugga: Historieämnet och identifikationsformering i 2000-talets mångkulturella samhälle analyseras vilka effekter framväxten av det så kallade mångkulturella samhället har haft på historieämnet. Avhandlingens övergripande syfte är att skildra relationen mellan ungdomars etniska identifikationer och deras syn på historieämnet och därigenom bidra till en problematisering av historieämnet i ett så kallat mångkulturellt samhälle. Utan insikter om dessa frågor är det svårt att diskutera ämnets legitimitet i skolan samt de historiedidaktiska valen i 2000-talets så kallade mångkulturella samhälle. Studien bygger på intervjuer med gymnasieelever, gymnasielärare och historieläroboksförfattare samt en analys av samhällskunskaps- och historieläroböcker. Som ett led i analysen besvaras följande frågor: Hur beskriver elever, lärare och läroboksförfattare historieämnets syfte i skolan? Hur skildras emigrationen från Sverige under andra hälften av 1800-talet och de första decennierna av 1900-talet samt efterkrigstidens immigration till Sverige i ett urval av samhällskunskaps- och historieläroböcker publicerade mellan 1962 och 2007? Vilka diskursiva skillnader kan man observera i beskrivningarna av dessa två migrationer går det att observera? Hur tolkar eleverna sina (etniska) identifikationer och hur påverkar dessa deras syn på historieämnet? Hur ser unga människor, lärare och läroboksförfattare på en eventuell implementering av vissa mångkulturalistiska undervisningsmodeller i svensk historieundervisning?
Publisher Lärarutbildningen, Malmö högskola
Lunds universitet
Series/Issue Skrifter med historiska perspektiv;11
ISSN 1652-2761
ISBN 978-91-7104-119-7
Pages 349
Language swe (iso)
Subject(s) history
education
multiculturalism
ethnicity
didactics
textbooks
immigration
youth culture
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::HUMANITIES and RELIGION::History and philosophy subjects
Research Subject Categories::INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS::Ethnicity
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES::Social sciences::Education::Subject didactics
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/10478 (link to this page)

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