Multiphase oxide ceramics in the alumina-yttria system

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Multiphase oxide ceramics in the alumina-yttria system

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Publication Doctoral Thesis
Title Multiphase oxide ceramics in the alumina-yttria system
Author(s) Alkebro, Jesper
Date 2002
English abstract
As a means of creating dispersed multiphase oxide structures, high-energy milling has been used for pre-treating alumina-yttria powder mixtures before pressing and sintering. Processing was performed in a planetary ball mill with steel or alumina milling tools and measured effects of the treatment have served as data for a modeling study. Subsequent phase development and sintering during heat treatment of the milled powders have been examined. Two compositions likely to result in a minority phase dispersed in another phase in equilibrium were selected and subjected to the milling treatment. The two constituent powders were homogenously mixed and defects were injected into the crystal structures which were gradually destroyed. Subsequently, depending on milling parameters, there was either amorphization of the sample or formation of yttrium aluminum perovskite, an intermediate phase of the alumina-yttria system. Alumina milling tools exhibited a higher milling efficiency, but they were prone to chipping which lead to massive contamination. Steel milling tools were worn in a more controlled manner and the total amount of contamination was much lower. In heat treatment milled powders easily attained phase equilibrium and there was no metastable behavior noted. Transformation temperatures fell as a function of milling time but for longer milling times the effects of prolonged processing decreased. Sintering properties were also improved resulting in higher final density and lower sintering temperatures. Iron contamination from steel milling tools was suspected to be detrimental for the final solidification and to cause large porosity, but when oxidized the effect is inversed leading to very good densification in argon atmosphere. Relative densities as high as 96% were measured after sintering 1 h in 1500°C, but the process was sensitive to the environment resulting in poor sintering for oxidizing (air) or reducing (argon in graphite furnace) atmospheres. A dispersion of a second phase in the dominant matrix phase was observed but further improvement of the process should be needed to make it finer. The grain size could be estimated to be around 5 µm from fracture surface images.
Publisher Luleå tekniska universitet
Series/Issue Doktorsavhandling;43
ISSN 1402-1544
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Technology
Research Subject Categories::TECHNOLOGY::Material Science
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