Mental health status in pregnancy among native and non-native Swedish speaking women : a Bidens study

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Mental health status in pregnancy among native and non-native Swedish speaking women : a Bidens study

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Mental health status in pregnancy among native and non-native Swedish speaking women : a Bidens study
Author(s) Wangel, Anne-Marie ; Schei, Berit ; Ryding, Elsa Lena ; Östman, Margareta
Date 2012
English abstract
Objectives. To describe mental health status in native and non-native Swedish-speaking pregnant women and explore risk factors of depression and of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Design and setting. A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted at midwife-based antenatal clinics in Southern, Sweden. Sample. A non-selected group of women in mid-pregnancy participated. Methods. Participants completed a questionnaire including background characteristics, social support, life events, mental health variables and the short Edinburgh Depression Scale. Main outcome measures. Depressive symptoms during last week and posttraumatic stress symptoms during past year. Results. Out of 1003 women, 21.4% reported another language than Swedish as their mother tongue and were defined as non-native. These women were more likely to be younger, have fewer years of education, potential financial problems, and lack of social support. More non-native speakers self-reported depressive, posttraumatic stress, anxiety and, psychosomatic symptoms, and fewer had had consultations with a psychiatrist or psychologist. Of all women 13.8% had depressive symptoms defined by Edinburgh Depression Scale as 7 or above. Non-native status was associated with statistically increased risks of depressive symptoms and having ≥ 1 posttraumatic stress symptom compared to native speaking women. Multivariate modeling including all selected factors resulted in adjusted OR for depressive symptoms of 1.75 (95% CI: 1.11-2.76) and of 1.56 (95% CI: 1.10-2.34) for posttraumatic stress symptoms in non-native Swedish speakers. Conclusion. Non-native Swedish-speaking women had a more unfavorable mental health status than native speakers. In spite of this, non-native speaking women had sought less mental health care.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0412.2012.01512.x (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Host/Issue Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica;12
Volume 91
Pages 1395–1401
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) depressive
ethnicity
mental health
posttraumatic stress
pregnancy
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/14229 (link to this page)

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