Mental health status in pregnancy among native and non-native Swedish speaking women : a Bidens study

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Mental health status in pregnancy among native and non-native Swedish speaking women : a Bidens study

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dc.contributor.author Wangel, Anne-Marie
dc.contributor.author Schei, Berit
dc.contributor.author Ryding, Elsa Lena
dc.contributor.author Östman, Margareta
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-18T05:31:50Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-18T05:31:50Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.citation 1395–1401 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2043/14229
dc.description.abstract Objectives. To describe mental health status in native and non-native Swedish-speaking pregnant women and explore risk factors of depression and of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Design and setting. A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted at midwife-based antenatal clinics in Southern, Sweden. Sample. A non-selected group of women in mid-pregnancy participated. Methods. Participants completed a questionnaire including background characteristics, social support, life events, mental health variables and the short Edinburgh Depression Scale. Main outcome measures. Depressive symptoms during last week and posttraumatic stress symptoms during past year. Results. Out of 1003 women, 21.4% reported another language than Swedish as their mother tongue and were defined as non-native. These women were more likely to be younger, have fewer years of education, potential financial problems, and lack of social support. More non-native speakers self-reported depressive, posttraumatic stress, anxiety and, psychosomatic symptoms, and fewer had had consultations with a psychiatrist or psychologist. Of all women 13.8% had depressive symptoms defined by Edinburgh Depression Scale as 7 or above. Non-native status was associated with statistically increased risks of depressive symptoms and having ≥ 1 posttraumatic stress symptom compared to native speaking women. Multivariate modeling including all selected factors resulted in adjusted OR for depressive symptoms of 1.75 (95% CI: 1.11-2.76) and of 1.56 (95% CI: 1.10-2.34) for posttraumatic stress symptoms in non-native Swedish speakers. Conclusion. Non-native Swedish-speaking women had a more unfavorable mental health status than native speakers. In spite of this, non-native speaking women had sought less mental health care. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Wiley-Blackwell en_US
dc.subject depressive en_US
dc.subject ethnicity en_US
dc.subject mental health en_US
dc.subject posttraumatic stress en_US
dc.subject pregnancy en_US
dc.subject.classification Medicine en_US
dc.title Mental health status in pregnancy among native and non-native Swedish speaking women : a Bidens study en_US
dc.type Article, peer reviewed scientific en_US
dc.contributor.department Malmö University. Faculty of Health and Society en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0412.2012.01512.x en_US
dc.subject.srsc Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpublication Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica;12
dc.relation.ispartofpublicationvolume 91
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