Poor school bonding and delinquency over time : bidirectional effects and sex differences

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Poor school bonding and delinquency over time : bidirectional effects and sex differences

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Poor school bonding and delinquency over time : bidirectional effects and sex differences
Author(s) Freidenfelt Liljeberg, Jenny ; Eklund, Jenny ; Väfors Fritz, Marie ; af Klinteberg, Britt
Date 2011
English abstract
The association between poor school bonding and delinquency has only been partly addressed in earlier research. Using a longitudinal design, the objective of our study was to investigate possible bidirectional effects and sex differences between adolescents’ experienced school bonding and self-rated delinquency over time. A total of 788 adolescents (353 boys and 435 girls) were investigated by questionnaire at age 14 and 16. Poor school attachment and commitment as well as poor teacher attachment were found to be stronger determinants of delinquency for males than for females. Delinquency predicted poor school commitment for both boys and girls, and poor school attachment for girls, thus indicating bidirectional effects over time and sex differences in some of the bidirectional effects. The study concludes that the delinquency propensity of adolescent boys may be affected by all school bonding dimensions, whereas for girls it is their relationship with their teachers that is of significance.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.03.008 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Link http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140197110000473 (external link to publication)
Publisher ELSEVIER
Host/Issue Journal of Adolescence;1
Volume 34
Pages 1-9
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) School bonding
Teacher attachment
School attachment
School commitment
Teacher defiance
Delinquency
Sex differences
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/14239 (link to this page)

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