Intra-neighborhood distribution of collective efficacy and disorder: The importance of geographical units of analysis

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Intra-neighborhood distribution of collective efficacy and disorder: The importance of geographical units of analysis

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dc.contributor.author Gerell, Manne
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-30T08:14:49Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-30T08:14:49Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.citation 108-109 en_US
dc.identifier.isbn 978-91-86027-90-2
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2043/14276
dc.description.abstract Spatial analysis of the distribution of crime and disorder often depart from the concept of neighborhood as geographical unit of analysis. Collective efficacy, the combination of working trust and expectations of a willingness to act for the common good, has been shown to tap into important social mechanisms that can explain the differences between neighborhoods. How such social mechanisms function in a neighborhood and how it impacts on spatial distribution of disorder within rather than between neighborhoods is rarely studied. In a case study of four Swedish neighborhoods differences within and between neighborhoods have been studied. Social networks, collective efficacy and indirectly the social construction of neighborhoods have been discussed in focus groups with residents of the neighborhoods and in key informant interviews with property managers and active members of local associations. Social boundaries within the neighborhoods emerge clearly from respondents’ stories with corresponding intra-neighborhood differences in respondents’ perceptions of collective efficacy, safety and disorder. Few respondents express any neighborhood-wide feelings of social cohesion which points toward the possibility that neighborhoods can be considered aggregates of smaller socio-spatial units. To study whether the socio-spatial units identified through the interviews differ in levels of physical disorder a systematic social observation (SSO) has been performed during 2011. The data have been analyzed both through aggregation based on social boundaries expressed in the interviews and through the use of density- and hotspot based methods where no pre-defined geographical units are needed. Results from the analysis of spatial distributionof physical disorder show that the social boundaries identified within neighborhoods matter in determining how disorder is distributed within the neighborhood. A preliminary conclusion is that the social mechanism of collective efficacy is best understood on much smaller units of analysis than typical neighborhoods.
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (BRÅ) en_US
dc.subject Criminology en_US
dc.subject Disorder en_US
dc.subject Collective efficacy en_US
dc.subject Geography en_US
dc.subject.classification Humanities/Social Sciences en_US
dc.title Intra-neighborhood distribution of collective efficacy and disorder: The importance of geographical units of analysis en_US
dc.type Other en_US
dc.relation.url http://www.criminologysymposium.com/ en_US
dc.contributor.department Malmö University. Faculty of Health and Society en
dc.description.other Stockholm Criminology Symposium, Stockholm, June 11-13 2012 en_US
dc.subject.srsc Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES en_US
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