The Chance Events that Lead to the Development of the Washington, D.C. Metro: A Path Dependence Theory Analysis of the Genesis of the Metro in D.C.

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The Chance Events that Lead to the Development of the Washington, D.C. Metro: A Path Dependence Theory Analysis of the Genesis of the Metro in D.C.

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Title The Chance Events that Lead to the Development of the Washington, D.C. Metro: A Path Dependence Theory Analysis of the Genesis of the Metro in D.C.
Author(s) Karlsson, Henrik
Date 2012
English abstract
During the 50's and the 60's automobile usage in the United States grew significantly and cities constructed extensive highway networks. In spite of these trends, key events in the 1950's initiated a process that would result in the construction of the Washington, D.C. Metro System – one of the first metro systems built since the 1920's. By applying the Path Dependence Theory and examining narratives of actors and events in Washington, D.C. that influenced the development of the metro during that time, this paper shows how this unlikely and unexpected process occurred. Using the Path Dependence Theory as an analytical tool, this paper identifies the following: (1) certain small events, also known as critical junctures, which started the process of giving DC a metro; (2) the resulting chain of events, also known as reactive sequences, which allowed the metro (movement) to reach the point at which it experienced self-reinforcing processes; (3) these self-reinforcing processes, which finally resulted in the genesis of the metro in DC. The paper concludes that three relatively small events, through different chains of reactive sequences, led to Congress granting the metro funds in 1965 – which then brought about self- reinforcing processes that ensured the metro's genesis.
Swedish abstract
Under 50- och 60-talet i USA växte bilismen och städer byggde väldigt mycket motorvägar. Trots detta började då i Washington, D.C. det förlopp som skulle leda till att de fick en tunnelbana på 70-talet. Denna uppsats studerar hur denna osannolika och oväntade tunnelbana kunde uppstå med hjälp av teorin om stigberoende. Genom att använda teorin om stigberoende som ett analytiskt verktyg, identifierar denna uppsats följande: (1) vilka små händelser, även kallade formativa moment, som startade processen att ge D.C. en tunnelbana, (2) den resulterande kedja av händelser, även kallade reaktiva sekvenser, vilka ledde tunnelbanerörelsen till den punkt där den upplevde självförstärkande processer. (3) Dessa självförstärkande processer, vilka slutligen resulterade i uppkomsten av tunnelbanan i D.C. Uppsatsen identifierar tre relativt små händelser som genom olika kedjor av reaktiva sekvenser leder till att kongressen, år 1965, beviljar tunnelbanan pengar vilket, genom efterföljande självförstärkande processer, säkerställer tunnelbanans uppkomst.
Pages 44
Language swe (iso)
Subject(s) path dependence
metro
dc
washington
reactive sequence
formativt moment
mechanisms for reproduction
self-reinforcing processes
critical juncture
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Note To be translated into English (upon request).Appendix included.
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/14355 (link to this page)

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