The Chance Events that Lead to the Development of the Washington, D.C. Metro: A Path Dependence Theory Analysis of the Genesis of the Metro in D.C.

DSpace Repository

The Chance Events that Lead to the Development of the Washington, D.C. Metro: A Path Dependence Theory Analysis of the Genesis of the Metro in D.C.

Show simple item record

Full item record

dc.contributor.author Karlsson, Henrik
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-19T11:25:00Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-19T11:25:00Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.citation 44 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2043/14355
dc.description Under 50- och 60-talet i USA växte bilismen och städer byggde väldigt mycket motorvägar. Trots detta började då i Washington, D.C. det förlopp som skulle leda till att de fick en tunnelbana på 70-talet. Denna uppsats studerar hur denna osannolika och oväntade tunnelbana kunde uppstå med hjälp av teorin om stigberoende. Genom att använda teorin om stigberoende som ett analytiskt verktyg, identifierar denna uppsats följande: (1) vilka små händelser, även kallade formativa moment, som startade processen att ge D.C. en tunnelbana, (2) den resulterande kedja av händelser, även kallade reaktiva sekvenser, vilka ledde tunnelbanerörelsen till den punkt där den upplevde självförstärkande processer. (3) Dessa självförstärkande processer, vilka slutligen resulterade i uppkomsten av tunnelbanan i D.C. Uppsatsen identifierar tre relativt små händelser som genom olika kedjor av reaktiva sekvenser leder till att kongressen, år 1965, beviljar tunnelbanan pengar vilket, genom efterföljande självförstärkande processer, säkerställer tunnelbanans uppkomst. en_US
dc.description.abstract During the 50's and the 60's automobile usage in the United States grew significantly and cities constructed extensive highway networks. In spite of these trends, key events in the 1950's initiated a process that would result in the construction of the Washington, D.C. Metro System – one of the first metro systems built since the 1920's. By applying the Path Dependence Theory and examining narratives of actors and events in Washington, D.C. that influenced the development of the metro during that time, this paper shows how this unlikely and unexpected process occurred. Using the Path Dependence Theory as an analytical tool, this paper identifies the following: (1) certain small events, also known as critical junctures, which started the process of giving DC a metro; (2) the resulting chain of events, also known as reactive sequences, which allowed the metro (movement) to reach the point at which it experienced self-reinforcing processes; (3) these self-reinforcing processes, which finally resulted in the genesis of the metro in DC. The paper concludes that three relatively small events, through different chains of reactive sequences, led to Congress granting the metro funds in 1965 – which then brought about self- reinforcing processes that ensured the metro's genesis. en_US
dc.language.iso swe en_US
dc.subject path dependence en_US
dc.subject metro en_US
dc.subject dc en_US
dc.subject washington en_US
dc.subject reactive sequence en_US
dc.subject formativt moment en_US
dc.subject mechanisms for reproduction en_US
dc.subject self-reinforcing processes en_US
dc.subject critical juncture en_US
dc.subject.classification Humanities/Social Sciences en_US
dc.title The Chance Events that Lead to the Development of the Washington, D.C. Metro: A Path Dependence Theory Analysis of the Genesis of the Metro in D.C. en_US
dc.type Other en_US
dc.identifier.paperprint 0 en_US
dc.description.other To be translated into English (upon request). en_US
dc.description.other Appendix included. en_US
dc.subject.srsc Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES en_US


Files for download

Henrik Karlsson - ...

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search


Browse

My Account

Statistics