Sweet Taste Perception and Dental Caries in 13- to 15-Year-Olds : A Multicenter

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Sweet Taste Perception and Dental Caries in 13- to 15-Year-Olds : A Multicenter

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dc.contributor.author Ashi, H
dc.contributor.author Lara-Capi, C
dc.contributor.author Campus, G
dc.contributor.author Klingberg, Gunilla
dc.contributor.author Lingström, Peter
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-13T14:21:18Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-13T14:21:18Z
dc.date.issued 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.citation 443-450 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0008-6568 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2043/23326
dc.description.abstract Dietary habits and, in particular, the intake frequency of sucrose are of major importance for the development of dental caries. The perception of sweet taste is believed to have an influence on sucrose intake and therefore affects the predisposition to dental caries. The aim was to study the caries experience and sweet taste perception and to further analyze the possible relationship between the 2 tested variables in 13- to 15-year-old children from 3 different geographical areas. A cross-sectional survey comprising 669 children (220 Italian, 224 Mexican, and 225 Saudi Arabian) was conducted. The children were examined in their school setting. A sweet taste perception level was determined by the sweet taste threshold (TT) and sweet taste preference (TP). The sweet test was performed with sucrose solutions varying in concentration from 1.63 to 821.52 g/L. The International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) and DMFS indices were used to diagnose caries. The highest mean value for TT was found for Italian children followed by Saudi and Mexican. Saudi schoolchildren showed the highest mean values for TP and DMFS, followed by Italian and Mexican. A statistically significant difference for TP, TT, DMFS, and initial caries was found between the 3 countries. A weak yet positive correlation was found between taste perception (TT and TP) versus DMFS and manifest caries in all 3 countries (r = 0.137-0.313). The findings of the present study showed a variation in sweet taste perception between the 3 countries, which may influence the caries outcome of the children in the individual countries. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Karger en_US
dc.subject dentistry en_US
dc.subject child en_US
dc.subject adolescents en_US
dc.subject taste perseption en_US
dc.subject sugar en_US
dc.subject multicenter en_US
dc.subject dental treatment en_US
dc.subject.classification Medicine en_US
dc.title Sweet Taste Perception and Dental Caries in 13- to 15-Year-Olds : A Multicenter en_US
dc.type Article, peer reviewed scientific en_US
dc.contributor.department Malmö University. Faculty of Odontology
dc.identifier.doi 10.1159/000477367 en_US
dc.subject.srsc Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpublication Caries Research;4
dc.relation.ispartofpublicationvolume 51 en_US
dc.description.authorversion No en_US
dc.identifier.pmid 28738384
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