Antibiotic prophylaxis in oral healthcare - the agreement between Swedish recommendations and evidence

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Antibiotic prophylaxis in oral healthcare - the agreement between Swedish recommendations and evidence

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Antibiotic prophylaxis in oral healthcare - the agreement between Swedish recommendations and evidence
Author(s) Ellervall, Eva ; Knutsson, Kerstin ; Vinge, Ellen ; Rohlin, Madeleine
Date 2010
English abstract
BACKGROUND: Almost all (17/20) Swedish counties have pharmaceutical committees that establish recommendations for the use of antibiotic prophylaxis in oral healthcare.Objective To evaluate the evidence for the use of antibiotic prophylaxis in oral healthcare and the agreement between Swedish recommendations and evidence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register. The MeSH terms 'antibiotic prophylaxis' and 'dentistry' were used in the database search. Abstracts were reviewed according to specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 186 articles were read in full text by the four authors independently. Data extraction and interpretation of data was carried out using a pre-defined protocol. In the end, one case-control study was included for evaluation of evidence. RESULTS: The case-control study included patients with specific cardiac conditions. The study reported a 49% protective efficacy (odds ratio: 0.51) of antibiotic prophylaxis for first-time episodes of endocarditis within 30 days of procedure. This result was not statistically significant. The quality of the evidence was low. No studies were evaluated on patients with other medical conditions. The recommendations included several cardiac and other medical conditions for which there is a lack of evidence or no evidence to support the use of antibiotic prophylaxis. CONCLUSIONS: There is a lack of evidence to support the use of antibiotic prophylaxis. To avoid the risk of adverse events from antibiotics and the risk of developing resistant bacterial strains, the use of antibiotic prophylaxis should be minimised and recommendations in Sweden should be revised to be more evidence-based.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.2010.107 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Host/Issue British Dental Journal;3
Volume 208
ISSN 0007-0610
Pages article E5
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/10646 (link to this page)

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