Exploring Biorthonormal Transformations of Pair-Correlation Functions in Atomic Structure Variational Calculations

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Exploring Biorthonormal Transformations of Pair-Correlation Functions in Atomic Structure Variational Calculations

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Exploring Biorthonormal Transformations of Pair-Correlation Functions in Atomic Structure Variational Calculations
Author(s) Verdebout, Simon ; Jönsson, Per ; Gaigalas, Gediminas ; Godefroid, Michel ; Froese Fischer, Charlotte
Date 2010
English abstract
Multiconfiguration expansions frequently target valence correlation and correlation between valence electrons and the outermost core electrons. Correlation within the core is often neglected. A large orbital basis is needed to saturate both the valence and core–valence correlation effects. This in turn leads to huge numbers of configuration state functions (CSFs), many of which are unimportant. To avoid the problems inherent to the use of a single common orthonormal orbital basis for all correlation effects in the multiconfiguration Hartree–Fock (MCHF) method, we propose to optimize independent MCHF pair-correlation functions (PCFs), bringing their own orthonormal one-electron basis. Each PCF is generated by allowing single- and double-excitations from a multireference (MR) function. This computational scheme has the advantage of using targeted and optimally localized orbital sets for each PCF. These pair-correlation functions are coupled together and with each component of the MR space through a low dimension generalized eigenvalue problem. Nonorthogonal orbital sets being involved, the interaction and overlap matrices are built using biorthonormal transformation of the coupled basis sets followed by a counter-transformation of the PCF expansions. Applied to the ground state of beryllium, the new method gives total energies that are lower than the ones from traditional complete active space (CAS)-MCHF calculations using large orbital active sets. It is fair to say that we now have the possibility to account for, in a balanced way, correlation deep down in the atomic core in variational calculations.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1088/0953-4075/43/7/074017 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher IOP Publishing
Host/Issue Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics;7
Volume 43
ISSN 0953-4075
Pages 1-12
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Sciences
Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES::Physics::Atomic and molecular physics::Atomic physics
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/10793 (link to this page)

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