Prevalence of malocclusion traits and sucking habits among 3-year-old children

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Prevalence of malocclusion traits and sucking habits among 3-year-old children

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Prevalence of malocclusion traits and sucking habits among 3-year-old children
Author Dimberg, Lillemor ; Bondemark, Lars ; Söderfeldt, Björn ; Lennartsson, Bertil
Date 2010
English abstract
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion traits and sucking habits among 3-year-old children. A sample of 457 3-year-old children (234 girls and 223 boys) was obtained from three Public Dental Health clinics in Orebro County Council, Sweden. Data from clinical examination and a questionnaire were used to determine malocclusion traits, sucking habits, snoring and breathing pattern including nocturnal breathing disturbances. The results showed that 70% had one or more malocclusion traits at 3 years of age. The most common malocclusion traits were anterior open bite (50%), Class II occlusion (26%), increased overjet (23%) and posterior crossbite (19%). The prevalence of sucking habit was 66% and dummy sucking was dominating and in connection with more malocclusion traits than finger/thumb sucking. A significant association was found between the sucking habits and the most prevalent malocclusions, anterior open bite, Class II occlusion, increased overjet and posterior crossbite. In conclusion, the prevalence of malocclusion traits in 3-year-old children was high. Sucking habits was highly prevalent and dummy sucking resulted in more malocclusion traits than finger/thumb sucking did.
Host/Issue Swedish dental journal;1
Volume 34
ISSN 0347-9994
Pages 35-42
Language eng (iso)
Subject Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/11317 Permalink to this page
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