Towards the Versification Typology of Georgian Verse

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Towards the Versification Typology of Georgian Verse

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Publication Article, other scientific
Title Towards the Versification Typology of Georgian Verse
Author(s) Kock Kobaidze, Manana
Date 2010
English abstract
Rhyme and Stress in Georgian Dialects (Towards the Versification Typology of Georgian Verse) Word stress is weak in standard Georgian. The typology of Georgian verse is an uncertain issue. Some researchers argue that the Georgian verse is accentual-syllabic, while according to another point of view, it is syllabic. An assertion about the exclusively specific nature of Georgian verse has also appeared. This paper is an attempt to introduce dialect data as material for versification research in Georgian. Georgian dialects have clearly marked stress patterns unlike the standard Georgian. It is noteworthy that the Georgian verse retains its structure regardless whether it is pronounced in standard Georgian intonation or in a dialectal accent. At the same time, the placement, tone pitch and intensity of a stressed syllable is quite diverse depending on dialects in Georgian. However, these differences do not affect the structure of Georgian verse. Especially significant is the fact that the place of dialectal stress (regardless of the diverse placement in various dialects) does not influence the length of a rhyme segment. On the basis of these data the following conclusions are suggested: 1. In difference from an accentual-syllabic verse (e.g. Russian verse) or syl¬labic verse (e.g. French verse), the stress (either a word stress or stress of a rhythmic segment) is not able to create a rhyme segment in Georgian. 2. Rhyme segments as well as feet in general are usually created by word boundaries in Georgian verse. 3. Word boundaries, in turn, are marked with pitch, intensity, and pause. A stress, characteristic of the standard Georgian or dialects, is usually presented along with word boundary markers, but the decisive factor for the verse structuring in Georgian is a word boundary and not a specific stress of dialects or that of the standard language. In other words, a word boundary forms a metrical stress in the Georgian verse. 4. In respect to the relation between a metrical stress, on the one hand, and a word stress (or rhythmic group stress), on the other hand, especially within a rhyme segment, an accentual-syllabic and a syllabic verse (at least, English and French verses) fall into one type. Georgian verse, along with certain languages, having a weak stress, makes up another group where the structural factor creating a rhythmi¬cal diversity is a word boundary.
Publisher Merab Ghaghanidze
Host/Issue Tsakhnagi, Annual of Philological Studies
Volume 2
ISSN 1987-7218
Pages 135-149
Language geo (iso)
Subject(s) metrical stress
accentual-syllabic verse
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::HUMANITIES and RELIGION::Languages and linguistics
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