Prevalence of dental fluorosis in children taking part in an oral health programme including fluoride tablet supplements from the age of 2 years

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Prevalence of dental fluorosis in children taking part in an oral health programme including fluoride tablet supplements from the age of 2 years

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Prevalence of dental fluorosis in children taking part in an oral health programme including fluoride tablet supplements from the age of 2 years
Author(s) Eckersten, Charlotte ; Pylvänen, Lena ; Schröder, Ulla ; Twetman, Svante ; Wennhall, Inger ; Matsson, Lars
Date 2010
English abstract
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children who had participated in an oral health programme between the ages 2-5 years, including fluoride tablets from the age of 2 years. DESIGN: The study group consisted of 135 10- to 11-year-old children who had participated in the programme, including parent education, tooth-brushing instruction and prescribed fluoride tablets (0.25 mg NaF) (2-3 years: 1 tablet/day; 3-5 years: 2 tablets/day). The prevalence of dental fluorosis in the study group was compared with that in a nonintervention reference group consisting of 129 children of the same ages. The analysis was based on photos of the permanent maxillary front teeth using the Thylstrup & Fejerskov (TF) Index. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference in prevalence of dental fluorosis was seen between the two groups. Forty-three percent of the children in the study group and 38% in the reference group had fluorosis, the majority of a mild nature (TF-score 1). None had a TF score above 2. The pattern was the same after correction for parent reported intake of tablets at 3 and 5 years of age. CONCLUSION: Introduction of fluoride tablets at the age of 2 years did not result in increased prevalence of dental fluorosis
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-263X.2010.01068.x (link to publisher's fulltext)
Host/Issue International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry;5
Volume 20
ISSN 1365-263X
Pages 347-52
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) dental fluorosis
dental caries
children
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY::Paedodontics
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY::Cariology
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/11370 (link to this page)

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