Kvinnor som injicerar heroin respektive amfetamin : skillnader i social situation, erfarenhet av behandling och önskemål om hjälp

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Kvinnor som injicerar heroin respektive amfetamin : skillnader i social situation, erfarenhet av behandling och önskemål om hjälp

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Kvinnor som injicerar heroin respektive amfetamin : skillnader i social situation, erfarenhet av behandling och önskemål om hjälp
Author(s) Richert, Torkel ; Månsson, Sven-Axel ; Laanemets, Leili
Date 2011
English abstract
Women Who Inject Heroin or Amphetamines - Differences in Life Situation, History of Treatment and Request for Help The purpose of the present paper is to investigate differences between women who inject heroin and women who inject amphetamines, particularly as regards their life situation, treatment history and current request for help. The results are based on standardized interviews with 188 women at the needle exchange program in Malmö. A larger proportion of amphetamine users had stable housing combined with exclusively legal/formal sources of incomes (wage labour, pension, social benefits), whereas a larger proportion of heroin users had unstable housing combined with illegal/informal sources of income (prostitution, dealing, theft). This implicates that amphetamine users, in general, are more socially included whereas heroin users are more marginalized. Women with heroin as their principal drug reported to a higher extent, experiences of all types of treatment, lifetime history of treatment, treatment at several different occasions and contact with the social services and outreach groups during the last year. Several factors where significantly related to a request for help, whereas heroin as principal drug was the single factor showing a significant relation to request for help in a multivariate logistic regression equation. The differences between the two groups as regards their history of treatment and present requests for help may have several explanations. One probable explanation has to do with different levels of abuse and dependence in the two groups, where heroin users, due to a higher level of dependence, have a greater demand for care and treatment. A second explanation concerns differences in treatment supplies available for the two groups. To this day there is no evidence-based treatment for amphetamine abuse. Treatment options for heroin abuse, on the other hand, are well documented and well recognized and heroin users are a prioritized group for interventions within the Swedish care system.
Publisher Förbundet för forskning i socialt arbete (FORSA)
Host/Issue Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift;2
Volume 18
ISSN 1104-1420
Pages 144-164
Language swe (iso)
Subject(s) Injektionsmissbruk
Kvinnor
Heroin
Amfetamin
Behandling
Önskemål om hjälp
prostitution
Försörjning
Sprutbyte
SUSA
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/12570 (link to this page)

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