Exploring coping effectiveness and optimism among municipal employees

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Exploring coping effectiveness and optimism among municipal employees

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Exploring coping effectiveness and optimism among municipal employees
Author(s) Muhonen, Tuija ; Torkelson, Eva
Date 2011
English abstract
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between coping, optimism, psychological and physical well-being. The effectiveness of the different coping strategies and the role of optimism were investigated by analyzing how they predicted psychological and physical well-being. Altogether 136 municipal employees participated in a questionnaire study. The results showed that the most adaptive or effective coping strategy concerning psychological and physical well-being was acceptance, which can be classified as engagement coping. Ineffective strategies regarding psychological well-being included disengagement coping strategies such as sub- stance use, behavioral disengagement and self-blame. An ineffective strategy regarding physiological well-being was denial, which can be classified as a disengagement strategy. Optimism correlated significantly with both psychological and physical well-being. However, when all the variables in the model were included in the regression analysis, optimism explained additional variance in physical well-being but not in psychological well-being.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/psych.2011.26090 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Scientific Research Publishing
Host/Issue Psychology;6
Volume 2
ISSN 2152-7199
Pages 584-589
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) coping
optimism
well-being
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/12770 (link to this page)

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