The ward atmosphere important for the psychosocial work environment of nursing staff in psychiatric in-patient care

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The ward atmosphere important for the psychosocial work environment of nursing staff in psychiatric in-patient care

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title The ward atmosphere important for the psychosocial work environment of nursing staff in psychiatric in-patient care
Author(s) Tuvesson, Hanna ; Wann-Hansson, Christine ; Eklund, Mona
Date 2011
English abstract
BACKGROUND: The nursing staff working in psychiatric care have a demanding work situation, which may be reflected in how they view their psychosocial work environment and the ward atmosphere. The aims of the present study were to investigate in what way different aspects of the ward atmosphere were related to the psychosocial work environment, as perceived by nursing staff working in psychiatric in-patient care, and possible differences between nurses and nurse assistants. METHODS: 93 nursing staff working at 12 general psychiatric in-patient wards in Sweden completed two questionnaires, the Ward Atmosphere Scale and the QPSNordic 34+. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, the Mann-Whitney U-test, Spearman rank correlations and forward stepwise conditional logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The data revealed that there were no differences between nurses and nurse assistants concerning perceptions of the psychosocial work environment and the ward atmosphere. The ward atmosphere subscales Personal Problem Orientation and Program Clarity were associated with a psychosocial work environment characterized by Empowering Leadership. Program Clarity was related to the staff's perceived Role Clarity, and Practical Orientation and Order and Organization were positively related to staff perceptions of the Organizational Climate. CONCLUSIONS: The results from the present study indicate that several ward atmosphere subscales were related to the nursing staff's perceptions of the psychosocial work environment in terms of Empowering Leadership, Role Clarity and Organizational Climate. Improvements in the ward atmosphere could be another way to accomplish improvements in the working conditions of the staff, and such improvements would affect nurses and nurse assistants in similar ways.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6955-10-12 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher BioMed Central
Host/Issue BMC Nursing;12
Volume 10
ISSN 1472-6955
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/13050 (link to this page)

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