Cultural Landscapes as the Complex Meta-texts of Clashing Metaphors

DSpace Repository

Cultural Landscapes as the Complex Meta-texts of Clashing Metaphors

Show full item record

Files for download


Simple item record

Publication Conference Paper, peer reviewed
Title Cultural Landscapes as the Complex Meta-texts of Clashing Metaphors
Author(s) Yigit Turan, Burcu ; Stiles, Richard ; Hellström Reimer, Maria
Date 2010
English abstract
“Landscape”, the European Landscape Convention tells us, “an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors”, irrespective of whether “natural, rural, urban [or] peri-urban.” Yet, the vast major- ity of the areas referred to in the Convention are designed, organically evolved or asso- ciative cultural landscapes outside of an urban context. This induces us to ask how people may perceive and interact with the urban cultural landscape and how this may influence the Convention’s aim of promoting landscape protection, management and planning. As an important part of recent identity politics, cultural landscapes are often associated with more or less stable communicative contents, symbolisms and messages (Inglis, 1987; Lo- wenthal, 1991; Daniels, 1993). In popular discourse, they are often romanticized and consid- ered natural assets, affecting also the development of professional normative frameworks, whether in the field of cultural heritage, environmental planning or design. Even though there is a significant research on the complexity of meanings that landscapes involve (Daniels & Cosgrove, 1988; Schama, 1996), as well as a considerable critique associated with the social processes behind these complexities (Barthes,1957/1993; Mitchell, 2002); the active ‘read- ing’ of landscapes as a basis for landscape architectural operations remains an exception. Yet, landscapes, and especially urban landscapes, have continuously been encoded as eve- ryday as “meta-texts” to operate and govern multiple interacting layers of economic, politi- cal, ecological, cultural and psychological realities of life. Many phenomena and problems emerging through landscape as multilayered power structure are usually not comprehended and touched by landscape architecture. There is thus a necessity to read and expose these complexities in order to find original, critical and reflective planning and design interventions that answer to the problems and realities emerging in and as urban landscapes. To question and re-construct the role of landscape architecture is necessary, requiring a critique of its knowledge construction and the conditioning of its cognitive, critical and creative skills ulti- mately defining the profession. This study will attempt to present some critical viewpoints, highlighting the theoretical debates on the ‘reading’ of ‘cultural landscape’. It will elaborate the subject asking following questions: - What could be learned from the landscapes emerging outside of the frameworks of the normative values and codes of the environmental planning and design disciplines? - What could be derived from critical theories of landscape as for the development of a reflexive landscape architecture? - How could the role of landscape architecture in the larger context of geographical realities be analysed, criticized and re-envisioned? - How should landscape architectural education be reconstructed/deconstructed ac- cording to the arguments of this study? These questions form the core argumentation along with theoretical arguments and exempli- fications from different cases.
Link (external link to publication)
Publisher ECLAS
Pages 973-982
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Cultural landscape
landscape theory
political geography
landscape architecture
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::HUMANITIES and RELIGION
Note ECLAS Annual Conference 2010, "Cultural landscape". 29-09-2010 - 02-10-2010. Istanbul, Turkey.
Handle (link to this page)
Link (external link to related web page)

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record



My Account