'Speedy action over goal orientation': cognitive impulsivity in male forensic patients with dyslexia

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'Speedy action over goal orientation': cognitive impulsivity in male forensic patients with dyslexia

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title 'Speedy action over goal orientation': cognitive impulsivity in male forensic patients with dyslexia
Author(s) Dåderman, Anna M ; Wirsén Meurling, Ann ; Levander, Sten
Date 2012
English abstract
Previous neuropsychiatric studies suggest a relationship between reading disability and cognitive impulsivity. This relationship is not entirely explained by the high comorbidity between reading disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as children with a co-occurrence of these disorders tend to be more impulsive than those with ADHD only. Other research has demonstrated that poor verbal skill (irrespective of the presence of dyslexia) deficits in executive functions and impulsivity are important risk factors for criminal behaviour. The present study bridges these two research traditions by examining whether patients undergoing forensic psychiatric investigation who also have dyslexia, have a cognitive style characterized by impulsivity. Male forensic patients (mean age 27 years, range 16–35) with (n = 9) and without (n = 13) dyslexia were evaluated on the computerized EuroCog test battery. The findings suggest that patients with dyslexia tend to use a cognitive impulsive style and suggest a more direct link between dyslexia and cognitive impulsivity that is not mediated by the presence of ADHD. In order to identify treatment needs and tailor treatment accordingly, forensic patients should be assessed with respect to poor verbal skill, dyslexia and impulsivity.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dys.1444 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Host/Issue Dyslexia;4
Volume 18
ISSN 1076-9242
Pages 226-235
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) cognitive impulsive strategy
dyslexia
ADHD
EuroCog (APT)
Forensic psychiatric patients
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/14635 (link to this page)

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