Effect of electric potential and current on mandibular linear measurements in cone beam CT

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Effect of electric potential and current on mandibular linear measurements in cone beam CT

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Effect of electric potential and current on mandibular linear measurements in cone beam CT
Author(s) Panmekiate, S. ; Apinhasmit, W. ; Petersson, Arne
Date 2012
English abstract
Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare mandibular linear distances measured from cone beam CT (CBCT) images produced by different radiographic parameter settings (peak kilovoltage and milliampere value). Methods 20 cadaver hemimandibles with edentulous ridges posterior to the mental foramen were embedded in clear resin blocks and scanned by a CBCT machine (CB MercuRayTM; Hitachi Medico Technology Corp., Chiba-ken, Japan). The radiographic parameters comprised four peak kilovoltage settings (60 kVp, 80 kVp, 100 kVp and 120 kVp) and two milliampere settings (10 mA and 15 mA). A 102.4 mm field of view was chosen. Each hemimandible was scanned 8 times with 8 different parameter combinations resulting in 160 CBCT data sets. On the cross-sectional images, six linear distances were measured. To assess the intraobserver variation, the 160 data sets were remeasured after 2 weeks. The measurement precision was calculated using Dahlberg's formula. With the same peak kilovoltage, the measurements yielded by different milliampere values were compared using the paired t-test. With the same milliampere value, the measurements yielded by different peak kilovoltage were compared using analysis of variance. A significant difference was considered when p < 0.05. Results Measurement precision varied from 0.03 mm to 0.28 mm. No significant differences in the distances were found among the different radiographic parameter combinations. Conclusions Based upon the specific machine in the present study, low peak kilovoltage and milliampere value might be used for linear measurements in the posterior mandible.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/dmfr/51664704 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Host/Issue Dentomaxillofacial Radiology;7
Volume 41
ISSN 0250-832X
Pages 578-582
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) cone-beam computed tomography
dental implants
mandible
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/15653 (link to this page)

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