Development of a Multispecies Biofilm Community by Four Root Canal Bacteria

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Development of a Multispecies Biofilm Community by Four Root Canal Bacteria

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Development of a Multispecies Biofilm Community by Four Root Canal Bacteria
Author(s) Chávez de Paz, Luis Eduardo
Date 2012
English abstract
The development of multispecies biofilm models are needed to explain the interactions that take place in root canal biofilms during apical periodontitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of 4 root canal bacteria to establish a multispecies biofilm community and to characterize the main structural, compositional, and physiological features of this community. Methods Four clinical isolates isolated from infected root canals, Actinomyces naeslundii, Lactobacillus salivarius, Streptococcus gordonii, and Enterococcus faecalis, were grown together in a miniflow cell system. Simultaneous detection of the 4 species in the biofilm communities was achieved by fluorescence in situ hybridization in combination with confocal microscopy at different time points. The LIVE/DEAD BacLight technique (Molecular Probes, Carlsbad, CA) was used to assess cell viability and to calculate 3-dimensional architectural parameters such as biovolume (μm3). Redox fluorescence dye 5-cyano-2,3-ditolyl tetrazolium chloride was used to assess the metabolic activity of biofilm bacteria. Results The 4 species tested were able to form stable and reproducible biofilm communities. The biofilms formed in rich medium generally showed continuous growth over time, however, in the absence of glucose biofilms showed significantly smaller biovolumes. A high proportion of viable cells (>90%) were generally observed, and biofilm growth was correlated with high metabolic activity of cells. The community structure of biofilms formed in rich medium did not change considerably over the 120-hour period, during which E. faecalis, L. salivarius, and S. gordonii were most abundant. Conclusions The ability of 4 root canal bacteria to form multispecies biofilm communities shown in this study give insights into assessing the community lifestyle of these microorganisms in vivo. This multispecies model could be useful for further research simulating stresses representative of in vivo conditions.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2011.11.008 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Elsevier
Host/Issue Journal of Endodontics;3
Volume 38
ISSN 0099-2399
Pages 318–323
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Apical periodontitis
biofilms
multispecies
root canal
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/15789 (link to this page)

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