Prevention of foot ulcers in patients with diabetes in home nursing : a qualitative interview study

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Prevention of foot ulcers in patients with diabetes in home nursing : a qualitative interview study

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Prevention of foot ulcers in patients with diabetes in home nursing : a qualitative interview study
Author(s) Annersten Gershater, Magdalena ; Pilhammar, Ewa ; Alm Roijer, Carin
Date 2013
English abstract
Summary Diabetes mellitus and foot ulcer increase the risk of amputation, and prevention of foot ulcers are therefore important. Patients with diabetes and other concomitant diseases are often cared for in a home nursing service and the registered nurses (RNs) have the opportunity to practise preventive care to avoid foot ulcers. How prevention of foot ulcer is performed in home nursing settings has not been previously described. The objective of this study was to explore RNs’ professional work with foot ulcer prevention in home nursing settings for patients with diabetes mellitus. Qualitative interviews were analysed, using manifest content analysis. The setting was four municipalities in Sweden (large and small cities, and rural areas). Fifteen RNs actively working in a home nursing service with more than two years’ experience were recruited. The participants were all women, had worked as RNs for 3–41 years (median 25), and in home nursing for 2–18 years (median 8). The results showed that the RNs work through leadership, coordination, education and evaluation. Health care assistants perform most of the nursing actions to prevent foot ulcers such as assessment of feet, off-loading, nutrition and hygiene. The RNs have medical and nursing responsibility but without the formal tools to execute this fully. The RNs’ formal education was some years back and they relied mostly on experience-based knowledge. It was concluded that patient assessment and nursing actions to prevent foot ulcers are mostly performed by health care assistants. The RNs need to be given formal responsibility in their role as leaders and educators, and need more education in pedagogy and leadership. Eur Diabetes Nursing 2013; 10(2): 52–57 Key words diabetes; diabetic foot ulcer; education; elderly; foot care; foot health; nursing; home care; pressure ulcer; prevention
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/edn.227 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Wiley
Host/Issue European Diabetes Nursing;2
Volume 10
ISSN 1551-7861
Pages 52-57
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) diabetes
diabetic foot ulcer
education
elderly
foot care
foot health
nursing
home care
pressure ulcer
prevention
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/15830 (link to this page)

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