Evaluation of stress pattern generated through various thread designs of dental implants loaded in a condition of immediately after placement and on osseointegration : an FEA study

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Evaluation of stress pattern generated through various thread designs of dental implants loaded in a condition of immediately after placement and on osseointegration : an FEA study

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Evaluation of stress pattern generated through various thread designs of dental implants loaded in a condition of immediately after placement and on osseointegration : an FEA study
Author(s) Chowdhary, Ramesh ; Halldin, Anders ; Jimbo, Ryo ; Wennerberg, Ann
Date 2013
English abstract
PURPOSE: To determine the stress pattern generated through various thread design in experimental simulation models, when loaded immediately after placement and after osseointegration. METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) models were designed using CATIA, computer-aided design modeling software. The study was planned in 2 stages. Eight 2D models were constructed of different thread forms, one set with frictionless and other with bonded for bone to implant interface and loaded vertically with 100 N. In Stage II, 6 3D models of the different threads embedded in the cortical bone were constructed and loaded vertically and obliquely. RESULTS: In 2D models, the von Mises stress concentrated at the crest in the bonded connection thread designs. The stress levels were in the range of 7 to 13 MPa. In the frictional implant bone interface, the thread designs had a clear effect on the stress levels in the bone. In the 3D analysis, the complete implant design affected the stress levels. CONCLUSIONS: The thread design affects the magnitude of the stress peak in the bone more effectively in immediately loaded (frictionless) implants than the osseointegrated (bonded) implants. Maximum stress was observed at the first thread in most of the osseointegrated implants.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ID.0b013e31827daf55 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Lippincott
Host/Issue Implant Dentistry;1
Volume 22
ISSN 1538-2982
Pages 91-6
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/16386 (link to this page)

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