A history of abuse and operative delivery : results from a European multi-country cohort study

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A history of abuse and operative delivery : results from a European multi-country cohort study

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title A history of abuse and operative delivery : results from a European multi-country cohort study
Author(s) Schei, Berit ; Lukasse, Mirjam ; Ryding, Elsa Lena ; Campbell, Jacquelyn ; Karro, Helle ; Kristjansdottir, Hildur ; Laanpere, Made ; Schroll, Anne-Mette ; Tabor, Ann ; Temmerman, Marleen ; Van Parys, An-Sofie ; Wangel, Anne-Marie ; Steingrimsdottir, Thora
Date 2014
English abstract
Objective The main aim of this study was to assess whether a history of abuse, reported during pregnancy, was associated with an operative delivery. Secondly, we assessed if the association varied according to the type of abuse and if the reported abuse had been experienced as a child or an adult. Design The Bidens study, a cohort study in six European countries (Belgium, Iceland, Denmark, Estonia, Norway, and Sweden) recruited 6724 pregnant women attending routine antenatal care. History of abuse was assessed through questionnaire and linked to obstetric information from hospital records. The main outcome measure was operative delivery as a dichotomous variable, and categorized as an elective caesarean section (CS), or an operative vaginal birth, or an emergency CS. Non-obstetrically indicated were CSs performed on request or for psychological reasons without another medical reason. Binary and multinomial regression analysis were used to assess the associations. Results Among 3308 primiparous women, sexual abuse as an adult (≥18 years) increased the risk of an elective CS, Adjusted Odds Ratio 2.12 (1.28–3.49), and the likelihood for a non-obstetrically indicated CS, OR 3.74 (1.24–11.24). Women expressing current suffering from the reported adult sexual abuse had the highest risk for an elective CS, AOR 4.07 (1.46–11.3). Neither physical abuse (in adulthood or childhood <18 years), nor sexual abuse in childhood increased the risk of any operative delivery among primiparous women. Among 3416 multiparous women, neither sexual, nor emotional abuse was significantly associated with any kind of operative delivery, while physical abuse had an increased AOR for emergency CS of 1.51 (1.05–2.19). Conclusion Sexual abuse as an adult increases the risk of an elective CS among women with no prior birth experience, in particular for non-obstetrical reasons. Among multiparous women, a history of physical abuse increases the risk of an emergency CS.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087579 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Public Library of Science
Host/Issue PLOS One;1
Volume 9
ISSN 1932-6203
Pages e87579
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/17238 (link to this page)

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