Struggling to survive for the sake of the unborn baby : a grounded theory model of exposure to intimate partner violence during pregnancy

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Struggling to survive for the sake of the unborn baby : a grounded theory model of exposure to intimate partner violence during pregnancy

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Struggling to survive for the sake of the unborn baby : a grounded theory model of exposure to intimate partner violence during pregnancy
Author(s) Finnbogadóttir, Hafrún ; Dykes, Anna-Karin ; Wann-Hansson, Christine
Date 2014
English abstract
Background Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a serious matter which threatens maternal and fetal health. The aim of this study was to develop a grounded theoretical model of women's experience of IPV during pregnancy and how they handle their situation. Method Ten interviews with women who had experience of being exposed to IPV during pregnancy were analyzed using the grounded theory approach. Results The core category ‘Struggling to survive for the sake of the unborn baby’ emerged as the main concern of women who are exposed to IPV during pregnancy. The core category also demonstrates how the survivors handle their situation. Also, three sub- core categories emerged, ‘Trapped in the situation’ demonstrates how the pregnant women feel when trapped in the relationship and cannot find their way out. ‘Exposed to mastery’ demonstrates the destructive togetherness whereby the perpetrator’s behavior jeopardizes the safety of the woman and the unborn child. ‘Degradation process’ demonstrates the survivor’s experience of gradual degradation as a result of the relationship with the perpetrator. All are properties of the core category and part of the theoretical model. Conclusion The theoretical model “Struggling to survive for the sake of the unborn baby” highlights survival as the pregnant women’s main concern and explains their strategies for dealing with experiences of violence during pregnancy. The findings may provide a deeper understanding of this complex matter for midwives and other health care providers. Further, the theoretical model can provide a basis for the development and implementation of prevention and intervention programs that meet the individual woman’s needs.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-14-293 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher BioMed Central
Host/Issue BMC Pregnancy and childbirth;1
Volume 14
ISSN 1471-2393
Pages 1-9
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) intimate partner violence
pregnancy
experience
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/17744 (link to this page)

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