Micro-place disorder, subjective powerlessness and violent youth group involvement : testing an integrative control theory

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Micro-place disorder, subjective powerlessness and violent youth group involvement : testing an integrative control theory

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Micro-place disorder, subjective powerlessness and violent youth group involvement : testing an integrative control theory
Author(s) Pauwels, Lieven ; Svensson, Robert
Date 2014
English abstract
In this study we test an integrative theory that seeks to explain why youth that live in disordered micro-places have an increase likelihood of becoming involved in a violent youth group. The emerging integrative theory is based on the principle of conceptual end-to-end integration and is the result of an attempt to integrate (1) a contemporary version of subjective powerlessness theory with (2) an integrative control framework of violent youth group involvement. We submit the thesis that the both aforementioned models are highly suitable for conceptual integration as micro-place disorder is a common antecedent. In addition, both models share an intervening mechanism in the observed micro-place disorder- violent youth group involvement relationship: the concept of normlessness. An integrative model allows for the study of multiple pathways through which micro-place disorder and subjective powerlessness affect the likelihood of becoming involved in a violent youth group. Using path analyses for continuous and dichotomous outcomes we test key propositions of our theoretical elaboration. Our research is based on a large sample of youths in early adolescence (N=2,486) in the urban context of Antwerp, the second largest city of Belgium. The results indicate that micro-place disorder increases decreases parental monitoring and increases feelings of subjective powerlessness. Normlessness and low self-control are important mediators in the “causal chain” between micro-place disorder, subjective powerlessness and violent youth group involvement. Low self-control and lifestyle risk further mediate the effects of subjective powerlessness, normlessness and micro-place disorder. The implications of these findings for future studies of violent youth group involvement are discussed
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2014.03.18 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Lifescience Global
Host/Issue International Journal of Criminology and Sociology;3
Volume 3
ISSN 1929-4409
Pages 200-221
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) subjective powerlessness
violent youth group involvement
integrative theory
micro-place disorder
low self-control
lifestyle risk
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/17796 (link to this page)

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