Interfacial behavior and activity of laccase and bilirubin oxidase on bare gold surfaces

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Interfacial behavior and activity of laccase and bilirubin oxidase on bare gold surfaces

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Interfacial behavior and activity of laccase and bilirubin oxidase on bare gold surfaces
Author(s) Pankratov, Dmitry ; Sotres, Javier ; Barrantes, Alejandro ; Arnebrant, Thomas ; Shleev, Sergey
Date 2014
English abstract
Two blue multicopper oxidases (MCOs) (viz. Trametes hirsuta laccase (ThLc) and Myrothecium verrucaria bilirubin oxidase (MvBOx)) were immobilized on bare polycrystalline gold (Au) surfaces by direct adsorption from both dilute and concentrated enzyme solutions. The adsorption was studied in situ by means of null ellipsometry. Moreover, both enzyme-modified and bare Au electrodes were investigated in detail by atomic force microscopy (AFM) as well as electrochemically. When adsorbed from dilute solutions (0.125 and 0.25 mg mL–1 in the cases of ThLc and MvBOx, respectively), the amounts of enzyme per unit area were determined to be ca. 1.7 and 4.8 pmol cm–2, whereas the protein film thicknesses were determined to be 29 and 30 Å for ThLc and MvBOx, respectively. A well-pronounced bioelectrocatalytic reduction of molecular oxygen (O2) was observed on MvBOx/Au biocathodes, whereas this was not the case for ThLc-modified Au electrodes (i.e., adsorbed ThLc was catalytically inactive). The initially observed apparent kcatapp values for adsorbed MvBOx and the enzyme in solution were found to be very close to each other (viz. 54 and 58 s–1, respectively (pH 7.4, 25 °C)). However, after 3 h of operation of MvBOx/Au biocathodes, kcatapp dropped to 23 s–1. On the basis of the experimental results, conformational changes of the enzymes (in all likelihood, their flattening on the Au surface) were suggested to explain the deactivation of MCOs on the bare Au electrodes.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la402432q (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher American Chemical Society
Host/Issue Langmuir;10
Volume 30
ISSN 1520-5827
Pages 2943−2951
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Sciences
Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/18130 (link to this page)

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