Biomaterials for promoting periodontal regeneration in human intrabony defects : a systematic review

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Biomaterials for promoting periodontal regeneration in human intrabony defects : a systematic review

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Publication Article, review peer-reviewed scientific
Title Biomaterials for promoting periodontal regeneration in human intrabony defects : a systematic review
Author(s) Sculean, Anton ; Nikolidakis, Dimitris ; Nikou, George ; Ivanovic, Aleksandar ; L.C. Chapple, Ian ; Stavropoulos, Andreas
Date 2015
English abstract
Intrabony periodontal defects are a frequent complication of periodontitis and, if left untreated, may negatively affect long-term tooth prognosis. The optimal outcome of treatment in intrabony defects is considered to be the absence of bleeding on probing, the presence of shallow pockets associated with periodontal regeneration (i.e. formation of new root cementum with functionally orientated inserting periodontal ligament fibers connected to new alveolar bone) and no soft-tissue recession. A plethora of different surgical techniques, often including implantation of various types of bone graft and/or bone substitutes, root surface demineralization, guided tissue regeneration, growth and differentiation factors, enamel matrix proteins or various combinations thereof, have been employed to achieve periodontal regeneration. Despite positive observations in animal models and successful outcomes reported for many of the available regenerative techniques and materials in patients, including histologic reports, robust information on the degree to which reported clinical improvements reflect true periodontal regeneration does not exist. Thus, the aim of this review was to summarize, in a systematic manner, the available histologic evidence on the effect of reconstructive periodontal surgery using various types of biomaterials to enhance periodontal wound healing/regeneration in human intrabony defects. In addition, the inherent problems associated with performing human histologic studies and in interpreting the results, as well as certain ethical considerations, are discussed. The results of the present systematic review indicate that periodontal regeneration in human intrabony defects can be achieved to a variable extent using a range of methods and materials. Periodontal regeneration has been observed following the use of a variety of bone grafts and substitutes, guided tissue regeneration, biological factors and combinations thereof. Combination approaches appear to provide the best outcomes, whilst implantation of alloplastic material alone demonstrated limited, to no, periodontal regeneration.
DOI (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Wiley
Host/Issue Periodontology 2000;1
Volume 68
ISSN 0906-6713
Pages 182-216
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
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