Normalitet och styrning i en förskola för alla (Normalization and governing in a pre-school for all)

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Normalitet och styrning i en förskola för alla (Normalization and governing in a pre-school for all)

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Publication Student thesis
Title Normalitet och styrning i en förskola för alla (Normalization and governing in a pre-school for all)
Author(s) Sjöstrand, Matilda ; Gustavsson, Piya
Date 2015
English abstract
The purpose of this study is to analyze how special education is done in relation to what is considered "normal". The aim is to discuss how the normalization discourse appears in a pre-school for all and, by extension, how the need of special education is articulated in relation to the normalization discourse. This study also intends to discuss how the perception of what is normal affects special education in pre-schools. The study draws upon previous research within the special education area through which we make our position. Since there is only a few studies in this chosen field which are based on empirical data, our study indicates the importance of more research in this field. The qualitative empirical material of the study is based on ethnography, which means we've got a wide material. In the thematic analysis the data is treated of equal value. The results of the analysis show that the educators seems to unknowingly follow several norms in their work. We then highlighted the key words normalization, attitude and environment. In this way we illuminate how the normalization discourse might look like in a pre-school for all and how special education relates to what is considered normal. In the perspective of Foucault’s thoughts about power and control, we found that there is political control of educators’ work based on the current political document, national curriculum 98 (2010). The national curriculum, and other contextual documents, seems to be normative and controlling of the teachers’ behavior which is to navigate children towards desirable behaviors. A big part of those behaviors are interaction and good language skills. The teachers' behavior is based on the national curriculum 98 (2010) and its value system where everyone has the right to be who they are. But indirectly governing is staged, in order to control and direct towards the desirable.
Publisher Malmö högskola/Lärande och samhälle
Pages 48
Language swe (iso)
Subject(s) attitude
special education
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