Effect of additives on self-diffusion and creep of UO2

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Effect of additives on self-diffusion and creep of UO2

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Effect of additives on self-diffusion and creep of UO2
Author(s) Massih, Ali ; Jernvist, Lars-Olof
Date 2015
English abstract
The creep of UO2 doped with Nb2O5 and Cr2O3 has been assessed using a point defect model based on the law of mass action, and the diffusional creep according to the Nabarro-Herring mechanism, which relates the creep rate to the lattice self-diffusivity, the inverse of grain area and the applied stress. The self-diffusion coefficients of cation (U) and anion (O) are directly proportional to the concentrations of ions, which in turn are functions of dopant concentrations. The model has been used to evaluate past creep experiments on UO2 doped with Nb2O5 and Cr2O3 in concentrations up to about 1 mol%, with a varying grain size at different temperatures and applied stresses. The creep rate increases significantly with the dopant concentration and the putative model, after a modification of the creep rate coefficient, retrodict the measured data satisfactorily. A number of factors affecting creep rate and thereby our model computations are discussed.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2015.08.005 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Elsevier
Host/Issue Computational Materials Science;
Volume 110
ISSN 0927-0256
Pages 152–162
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Point-defects
Uranium dioxide
Additives
Self-diffusion Creep
Sciences
Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/19359 (link to this page)

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