Facets of mindfulness predict drinking consequences in a sample of American and Swedish adolescents

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Facets of mindfulness predict drinking consequences in a sample of American and Swedish adolescents

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Publication Other
Title Facets of mindfulness predict drinking consequences in a sample of American and Swedish adolescents
Author(s) Valenstein-Mah, Helen ; Caroll, H ; Schwebel, Frank J ; Enkerna, M ; Andersson, Claes ; Johnsson, K ; Berglund, M ; Larimer, M
Date 2015
English abstract
Mindfulness-based interventions have become increasingly utilized with individuals with alcohol and substance use disorders (e.g., Bowen et al., 2014); however, the relationship between mindfulness and substance use is complex (Karyadi et al., 2014). Mindfulness is a multifaceted construct and includes factors related to attentional control, present moment focus, and an attitude of non-judgment and acceptance. Thus, the relationship between different mindfulness factors and substance use, and negative consequences related to its use, may differ. In the present study, we examined which specific elements of mindfulness would best predict drinking consequences 6 months later in a sample of American and Swedish adolescents. Additionally, we examined whether adolescents’ nationality would moderate the relationship between mindfulness and drinking consequences. Our sample included Washington St, USA and Swedish adolescents participating in a larger study investigating a brief online intervention for alcohol use (N = 3,352). Participants completed an online survey at 6- and 12-month follow up. At the 6-month follow up, trait-mindfulness wasmeasured using the Cognitive and AffectiveMindfulness Scale-Revised (Feldman et al., 2007). At 12-month follow up, alcohol related negative consequences were measured using the Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (White & Lobouvie, 1989). Linear regression analysis revealed that mindfulness factors did explain a significant proportion of variance in drinking consequences scores, R2 = 0.02, F(4, 620) = 2.67, p = 0.03. Specifically, the mindfulness factor of attention predicted drinking consequences, such that lower levels of attention predictedmore drinking consequences, b = 0.23, p = 0.02. None of the other mindfulness factors significantly predicted drinking consequences. Adolescents’ nationality did notmoderate the relationship between the mindfulness factors and drinking consequences 6 month later. The present study findings differ from previous findings, which found a relationship between awareness and drinking consequences (Fernandez et al., 2010), although this may be due to differences in how mindfulness factors were conceptualized and assessed. Nationality was not shown to moderate the relationship between mindfulness factors and drinking consequences, suggesting that mindfulness factors may not be culturally bound and may operate consistently across cultures, although examination of additional cultures is needed.
Link http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/acer.12741/epdf (external link to publication)
Publisher Wiley
Host/Issue 38th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism;S1
Series/Issue Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research;39
Pages 146A
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Note 38th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism, June 20-24 – San Antonio, Texas
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/19693 (link to this page)

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