Concept analysis : patient autonomy in a caring context

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Concept analysis : patient autonomy in a caring context

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Concept analysis : patient autonomy in a caring context
Author(s) Lindberg, Catharina ; Fagerström, Cecilia ; Sivberg, Bengt ; Willman, Ania
Date 2014
English abstract
This paper is a report of an analysis of the concept of patient autonomy. Many problems regarding patient autonomy in healthcare contexts derive from the patient´s dependent condition as well as the traditional authoritarian position of healthcare professionals. Existing knowledge and experince reveal a lack of consensus among nurses regarding the meaning of this ethical concept. This is a concept analysis with data sources: MedLine, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and PsycINFO, searched 2005-June 2013 using the search blocks 'autonomy', 'patient', and 'nursing/caring'. A total of 41 articles were retrieved. The Evolutionary Method of Concept Analysis by Rodgers was used to identify and construct the meaning of the concept of patient autonomy in a caring context. Five attributes were identified, thus creating the following descriptive definition: 'Patient autonomy is a gradual, time-changing process of (re-)constructing autonomy through the interplay of to be seen as a person, the capacity to act and the obligation to take responsibility for one's actions'. Patient vulnerability was shown to be the antecedent of patient autonomy and arises due to an impairment of a person's physical and/or mental state. The consequences of patient autonomy were discussed in relation to preserving control and freedom. Conclusion: Patient autonomy in a caring context does not need to be the same before, during and after a care episod. A tentative model has been constructed, thus extending the understanding of this critical concept in a caring context.
DOI (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Wiley
Host/Issue Journal of Advanced Nursing;70
Volume 10
ISSN 0309-2402
Pages 2208-2221
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) caring
concept analysis
patient autonomy
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
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