General health and state anxiety in patients recovering from colorectal cancer surgery

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General health and state anxiety in patients recovering from colorectal cancer surgery

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title General health and state anxiety in patients recovering from colorectal cancer surgery
Author(s) Jakobsson, Jenny ; Idvall, Ewa ; Wann-Hansson, Christine
Date 2015
English abstract
AIM: To describe and compare general health and state anxiety before surgery and up to 6 months after surgery in patients with colorectal cancer undergoing elective rectal resection, abdominoperineal resection or colonic resection in an enhanced recovery context. BACKGROUND: Little is known about patient-reported health and anxiety after colorectal cancer surgery in an enhanced recovery context. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. METHODS: Data were collected from October 2011-February 2013. The questionnaires - EuroQol 5-Dimensions 3-Levels and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - were answered before surgery, at discharge and 1 and 6 months after surgery. Data were analysed using inferential statistics to describe differences between groups of patients (Kruskal-Wallis test) and between assessments within groups (Friedman's anova). RESULTS: Patients (N = 105), divided into three groups based on surgical procedure, showed a high health index and a low state anxiety in all assessments without differences between the groups. Patients considered for abdominoperineal resection rated their pre-operative health as significantly higher than patients after rectal and colonic resections did. Within groups, patients recovering from abdominoperineal resection and rectal resection deteriorated significantly in health index 1 month after surgery. However, after 6 months they had improved again. After colonic resection, patients improved significantly in self-rated health and anxiety 1 month after surgery with no further discernible improvement after 6 months. CONCLUSION: The study showed that patients generally had a high level of health and a low level of anxiety throughout the study period. Only a few differences occurred between assessments within groups.
DOI (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Wiley
Host/Issue Journal of Advanced Nursing;
ISSN 0309-2402
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) EQ-5D-3L
Colorectal cancer
General health
Nursing practice
State anxiety
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
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