1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 promotes osteogenic activity and downregulates proinflammatory cytokine expression in human periodontal ligament cells

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1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 promotes osteogenic activity and downregulates proinflammatory cytokine expression in human periodontal ligament cells

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 promotes osteogenic activity and downregulates proinflammatory cytokine expression in human periodontal ligament cells
Author(s) Nebel, Daniel ; Svensson, D. ; Arosenius, Karin ; Larsson, E. ; Jönsson, Daniel ; Nilsson, B. -O.
Date 2015
English abstract
Background and ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to assess the impact of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (vitamin D3) on osteogenic and inflammatory properties of human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells and investigate underlying mechanisms. Material and MethodsHuman PDL cells, obtained from four subjects, were stimulated with vitamin D3 for 4-48h. The bone markers osteopontin and osteocalcin and proinflammatory cytokine/chemokine expression was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Cytokine and chemokine expression was determined after stimulation with the inflammation promoter lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the presence or absence of vitamin D3. Alkaline phosphatase activity was assessed using p-nitrophenylphosphate substrate. ResultsTreatment with 30ng/mL of vitamin D3, corresponding to an optimal plasma concentration of vitamin D, for 24h had no effect on PDL cell number and morphology but increased PDL cell osteopontin and osteocalcin mRNA expression by about 70 and 40%, respectively, and, moreover, treatment with vitamin D3 for 48h enhanced PDL cell alkaline phosphatase activity by about two times showing that vitamin D3 exerts pro-osteogenic effects in human PDL cells. Stimulation with LPS (1g/mL) for 4h increased PDL cell interleukin (IL)-6 cytokine and chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL1) chemokine mRNA expression several fold. The LPS-induced increase in IL-6 and CXCL1 transcripts was attenuated by vitamin D3 (30ng/mL). Treatment with vitamin D3 (3-300ng/mL) for 24h reduced the LPS-evoked increase in PDL cell IL-6 protein by about 50%. Vitamin D3 (30ng/mL) had no effect on LPS-induced IL-1 and MCP-1 mRNA expression. ConclusionsVitamin D3 promotes osteogenic differentiation but also downregulates inflammation promoter-induced IL-6 cytokine and CXCL1 chemokine expression in human PDL cells, suggesting that vitamin D3 both stimulates bone regeneration and antagonizes inflammation in human periodontal tissue.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jre.12249 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Wiley
Host/Issue Journal of Periodontal Research;5
Volume 50
ISSN 0022-3484
Pages 666-673
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) alkaline phosphatase activity
CXCL1
IL-6
vitamin D
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/20052 (link to this page)

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