A prospective cohort study on the impact of smoking on soft tissue alterations around single implants

DSpace Repository

A prospective cohort study on the impact of smoking on soft tissue alterations around single implants

Details

Files for download

Find Full text There are no files associated with this item..

Overview of item record
Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title A prospective cohort study on the impact of smoking on soft tissue alterations around single implants
Author Raes, Stefanie ; Rocci, Antonio ; Raes, Filiep ; Cooper, Lyndon ; De Bruyn, Hugo ; Cosyn, Jan
Date 2015
English abstract
ObjectivesTo compare smokers to non-smokers in terms of soft tissue alterations following single implant treatment in healed bone. Material and methodsNon-smoking and smoking patients with sufficient bone volume in need of a single implant in the anterior maxilla (15-25) were consecutively recruited in three centres. Conventional single implant surgery was performed and an immediate provisional crown was installed. Eight to 12weeks later, the latter was replaced by a permanent one (baseline). Papilla regrowth and midfacial recession was registered after 2years of function. ResultsThe sample consisted of 39 non-smokers (21 females; mean age 42) and 46 smokers (22 females; mean age 45). Smokers had three early failures, whereas all implants integrated successfully in non-smokers. Statistically significant papilla regrowth was observed in non-smokers (distal 0.63mm, mesial 0.76mm), whereas smokers showed stable papillae (between cohorts: P0.025). Midfacial soft tissue level demonstrated statistically significant regrowth in non-smokers (0.53mm), whereas it remained stable in smokers (between cohorts: P=0.004). ConclusionSmokers failed to demonstrate papilla regeneration and showed more midfacial recession following single implant treatment when compared to non-smokers.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/clr.12405 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher Wiley
Host/Issue Clinical Oral Implants Research;9
Volume 26
ISSN 0905-7161
Pages 1086-1090
Language eng (iso)
Subject dental implant
prospective study
single tooth
smoking
soft tissues
Medicine
Research Subject Categories
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/20054 Permalink to this page
Facebook

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Details

Search


Browse

My Account

Statistics