Assessing the effect of BID on crime, disorder and feelings of insecurity in vulnerable residential areas

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Assessing the effect of BID on crime, disorder and feelings of insecurity in vulnerable residential areas

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Publication Conference Poster
Title Assessing the effect of BID on crime, disorder and feelings of insecurity in vulnerable residential areas
Author(s) Kronkvist, Karl ; Ivert, Anna-Karin
Date 2016
English abstract
Although urbanization and population density predict levels of crime and disorder quite well, the amount of crime and disorder is not evenly distributed in urban environments. Rather, crime and disorder are concentrated to certain areas, places, and neighborhoods within these urban settings. Crime preventive efforts in these high-crime areas are thus of utter importance to reduce the overall amount of crime as well as fear of crime among the residents. The study at hand aims to evaluate the effects of such a crime preventive effort in high-crime, vulnerable urban neighborhoods in the city of Malmö, Sweden, through a community crime prevention program – Business Improvement District (BID, in Swedish Boende, Integration och Delaktighet). In this study, the BID-concept represents a collaboration among local property owners in conjunction with local agencies (e.g. city offices, the police, the fire and rescue service, etc.) acting under the motto“clean and safe” neighborhoods. Internationally, BID has been implemented world-wide with positive effects on crime and feelings of insecurity Sweden, showed positive effects on fear of crime among residents during a pre-post evaluation design, although the reported level of crime remained more or less unchanged. In this study, an extensive evaluation design is implemented where several sources of information (e.g. reported crimes, calls for emergency service, and neighborhood surveys) are applied to evaluate the effect of BID in treated areas, compared to matched control areas, using a pre-post equivalent area comparison design. The results of the study will provide local, as well as national, policy makers and practitioners with knowledge and evidence about community crime prevention efforts in urban vulnerable residential areas
Link http://www.criminologysymposium.com/download/18.25f91bdc15453b49d0f549a1/1463394754899/SCS_Final+Program2016.pdf (external link to publication)
Publisher The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (BRÅ)
Pages 93-94
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Crime
Disorder
Fear of crime
Business Improvement District
Malmö
Vulnerable neighborhood
Crime prevention
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/21188 (link to this page)
Link http://www.criminologysymposium.com/ (external link to related web page)

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