Effects of parental monitoring on alcohol use in the US and Sweden : A brief report

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Effects of parental monitoring on alcohol use in the US and Sweden : A brief report

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Effects of parental monitoring on alcohol use in the US and Sweden : A brief report
Author(s) Carroll, Haley A ; Heleniak, Charlotte ; Witkkiewitz, Katie ; Lewis, Melissa ; Eakins, Danielle ; Staples, Jennifer ; Andersson, Claes ; Berglund, Mats ; Larimer, Mary E
Date 2016
English abstract
Objective Adolescent alcohol use predicts a myriad of negative mental and physical health outcomes including fatality (Midanik, 2004). Research in parental influence on alcohol consumption finds parental monitoring (PM), or knowing where/whom your child is with, is associated with lower levels of alcohol use in adolescents (e.g., Arria et al., 2008). As PM interventions have had only limited success (Koutakis, Stattin, & Kerr, 2008), investigating moderating factors of PM is of importance. Country may serve as one such moderator (Calafat, Garcia, Juan, Becoña, & Fernández-Hermida, 2014). Thus, the purpose of the present report is to assess the relationship between PM and alcohol use in the US and Sweden. Method High school seniors from the US (n = 1181, 42.3% Male) and Sweden (n = 2171, 44.1% Male) completed assessments of total drinks consumed in a typical week, problematic alcohol use, and perceived PM. Results Generalized linear mixed modeling (GLM, Cohen, Cohen, West, & Aiken, 2013; Hilbe, 2011) was used to examine whether country moderated the relationship between PM and alcohol use. Results revealed main effects of country and PM and a significant interaction between country and PM in predicting total drinks per week and PM in predicting problematic alcohol use (p < 0.001). Conclusions While PM is related to lower quantity of alcohol consumed and problematic alcohol use, greater PM appears to be more strongly related to fewer drinks per week and less problematic alcohol use in the US, as compared to Sweden.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.07.014 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Elsevier
Host/Issue Addictive Behaviors;
Volume 63
ISSN 0306-4603
Pages 89-92
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Parental monitoring
Alcohol use
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/21192 (link to this page)

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