Induction of interferon beta in human kidney epithelial cells by virulent and non-virulent strains of Escherichia coli.

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Induction of interferon beta in human kidney epithelial cells by virulent and non-virulent strains of Escherichia coli.

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Publication Bachelor thesis
Title Induction of interferon beta in human kidney epithelial cells by virulent and non-virulent strains of Escherichia coli.
Author(s) Hambitzer, Martin
Date 2016
English abstract
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are a common health concern and affect millions of people. The most severe form of UTI, acute pyelonephritis (APN) is associated with serious complications. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) that cause APN express P fimbriae which specifically bind to glycosphingolipid molecules on the surface of urothelial cells. This triggers a toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mediated but LPS-independent innate immune response. The role of interferon beta (IFN-β) in bacterial infections is not well known but experiments with IFN-β knockout mice have shown an increased susceptibility and severe kidney pathology when infected with UPEC. IFN-β induction in urothelial cells in response to bacterial infection was investigated. To find out whether this response is P fimbriae dependent, A498 human kidney carcinoma epithelial cells were exposed to the P fimbriated CFT073 pyelonephritis strain or the non-virulent E. coli 83972 asymptomatic bacteriuria strain and incubated for 1.5 and 4 hours. For control, cells were treated with PBS alone. The IFN-β expression was analysed using immunofluorescence (IF) and confocal microscopy, and Western blot. Confocal microscopy results showed that the response to bacteria was both time- and dose-dependent. The highest IFN-β expression was detected in cells exposed to CFT073 for 4 hours, while cells exposed to E. coli 83972 showed an inverse relationship. Western blot analysis revealed that the highest expression was in the E. coli 83972 stimulated cells. IFN-β was expressed in all cells to some degree, including control cells. This could imply that IFN-β is induced by some other means and/or is constitutively expressed by kidney epithelial cells.
Swedish abstract
Urinvägsinfektioner (UVI) är ett vanligt hälsoproblem som drabbar miljontals människor. Den allvarligaste formen, akut pyelonefrit (APN) kan ge svåra komplikationer. Urinvägspatogena Escherichia coli (UPEC) som orsakar APN uttrycker P fimbrier som specifikt binder till glykosphingolipider på ytan av uroepitelceller. Det sätter igång en toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) beroende men LPS-oberoende immunreaktion. Den roll som interferon beta (IFN-β) spelar vid bakterieinfektioner är inte helt klarlagd men studier som gjorts på IFN-β knockoutmöss visade på en ökad infektionsbenägenhet och svåra njursymptom vid infektion med UPEC. IFN-β uttrycket i uroepitelceller som svar på bakterieinfektion undersöktes. För att ta reda på om uttrycket är P fimbrieberoende infekterades humana A498 njurcarcinomceller med den P fimbrieförsedda pyelonefritstammen CFT073 eller den icke-virulenta asymtomatisk bakterieuristammen E. coli 83972 och inkuberades i 1,5 respektive 4 timmar. Som kontroll användes celler som enbart behandlats med PBS. Uttrycket av IFN-β analyserades med immunofluorescens (IF) och konfokalmikroskopi, samt med Western blot. Resultaten från konfokalmikroskopi visade att celler som exponerats för CFT073 under 4 timmar uttryckte mest IFN-β medan cellerna som utsatts för E. coli 83972 visade på ett omvänt förhållande. Western blot visade på högst uttryck i de E. coli 83972-behandlade cellerna. IFN-β uttrycktes i alla celler, inklusive kontrollcellerna, i någon utsträckning. Det kan betyda att IFN-β även induceras på någon alternativ väg och/eller att det uttrycks konstitutivt av njurepitelceller.
Publisher Malmö högskola/Hälsa och samhälle
Pages 21
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) acute pyelonephritis
asymptomatic bacteriuria,
interferon beta
confocal microscopy
A498 cells
E. coli 83972
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