Smallest is Better? : The Spatial Distribution of Arson and the Modifiable Areal Unit Problem

DSpace Repository

Smallest is Better? : The Spatial Distribution of Arson and the Modifiable Areal Unit Problem

Details

Files for download

Find Full text There are no files associated with this item..

Overview of item record
Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Smallest is Better? : The Spatial Distribution of Arson and the Modifiable Areal Unit Problem
Author Gerell, Manne
Date 2016
English abstract
Objectives The aim of this study is to explore how the zonation and scale problems of the modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP) impact on the proportion of variance associated with surrounding areas in relation to micro-place levels of arson. MAUP is related to how geographical areas are constructed, with zonation related to how boundaries are drawn, and scale related to the size of areas. Methods Arson point data from 2007 to 2011 are analyzed by means of hierarchical linear modeling in order to compute intra-class correlations (ICCs), the share of variance associated with the higher order geographical units, for geographical units of three different sizes and with three degrees of randomness. Real, administrative, geographical units of two sizes, with mean size of 1.2 and 0.4 square kilometers respectively, are compared both to semi-random and fully-random artificial geographical units of the same size, and to smaller types of units of 0.17 square kilometer size. Results The analysis shows that there is little difference between large and mediumsized geographical units, but there is a significant increase in the ICC at the smallest geographical scale. To understand the geography of arson this suggests that the smallest types of units are of the greatest importance. As regards the problem of zonation, the results show that more randomness of boundary placement is associated with lower ICCs. Conclusion A key implication of these findings is that community preventive efforts may best be targeted at very small communities such as street blocks rather than larger neighborhoods.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10940-016-9297-6 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher Springer
Host/Issue Journal of Quantitative Criminology;
ISSN 1573-7799
Pages 1-26
Language eng (iso)
Subject Arson
MAUP
Neighborhood
Geography
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::HUMANITIES and RELIGION
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/21494 Permalink to this page
Facebook

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Details

Search


Browse

My Account

Statistics