Quality of Life in Different Male Offender Groups : Possible Underlying Effects of Intelligence and Psychopathic Tendencies

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Quality of Life in Different Male Offender Groups : Possible Underlying Effects of Intelligence and Psychopathic Tendencies

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Quality of Life in Different Male Offender Groups : Possible Underlying Effects of Intelligence and Psychopathic Tendencies
Author Väfors Fritz, Marie ; Eklund, Jenny ; Freidenfelt Liljeberg, Jenny ; af Klinteberg, Britt
Date 2016
English abstract
The role of psychopathic tendencies and intelligence on Quality of life (QoL) ratings in different male offender groups was explored. Participants were 199 Swedish males with a history of criminality at age 11-14 and matched controls from the longitudinal project Young Lawbreakers as Adults. Based on registered crimes prior to 15 years and up to 34 years of age, four criminal groups were yielded: non-criminals (NC); adolescence-limited (AL); persistent (P); and adult-onset (AO). The QoL construct consists of the following dimensions: Self-perception, Psychological health, Family, Children, Education, Work, and Finances, all self-rated at age 38-41 when also psychopathic tendencies were clinically assessed using the Psychopathy Check List (PCL). The P group reported lower QoL in all dimensions compared to the NC and AL groups and lower QoL regarding Family and Education than the AO group. When controlling for psychopathic tendencies, the group differences in QoL regarding Self-perception and Children was no longer significant. Generally, individuals with higher IQ scores rated higher QoL than individuals with lower IQ scores. IQ however did not explain the divergence in QoL between offender groups. Psychopathic tendencies are suggested to overtake the importance of group belonging regarding the QoL dimensions of Self-perception and Children.
DOI https://doi.org/10.15744/2348-9804.4.202 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher Annex Publishers
Host/Issue Journal of Forensic Science & Criminology;2
Volume 4
ISSN 2348-9804
Pages 8
Language eng (iso)
Subject Criminality
Family
Intelligence
Offender
Psychopathy
Quality of Life
Self-Perception
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/21583 Permalink to this page
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