The Effect of Illustration on Improving Text Comprehension in Dyslexic Adults

DSpace Repository

The Effect of Illustration on Improving Text Comprehension in Dyslexic Adults

Details

View linked OA full text: Icon Overview of item record
Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title The Effect of Illustration on Improving Text Comprehension in Dyslexic Adults
Author Holmqvist Olander, Mona ; Wennås Brante, Eva ; Nyström, Marcus
Date 2017
English abstract
This study analyses the effect of pictures in reading materials on the viewing patterns of dyslexic adults. By analysing viewing patterns using eye-tracking, we captured differences in eye movements between young adults with dyslexia and controls based on the influence of reading skill as a continuous variable of the total sample. Both types of participants were assigned randomly to view either text-only or a text + picture stimuli. The results show that the controls made an early global overview of the material and (when a picture was present) rapid transitions between text and picture. Having text illustrated with a picture decreased scores on questions about the learning material among participants with dyslexia. Controls spent 1.7% and dyslexic participants 1% of their time on the picture. Controls had 24% fewer total fixations; however, 29% more of the control group's fixations than the dyslexic group's fixations were on the picture. We also looked for effects of different types of pictures. Dyslexic subjects exhibited a comparable viewing pattern to controls when scenes were complex, but fewer fixations when scenes were neutral/simple. Individual scan paths are presented as examples of atypical viewing patterns for individuals with dyslexia as compared with controls. © 2016 The Authors. Dyslexia published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/dys.1545 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Link http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dys.1545 .Icon
Publisher Wiley
Host/Issue Dyslexia;1
Volume 23
ISSN 1099-0909
Pages 42–65
Language eng (iso)
Subject eye-tracking
dyslexia
text–picture comprehension
multi-modal learning
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/21850 Permalink to this page
Facebook

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Details

Search


Browse

My Account

Statistics