Capturing discernments : methodological issues in phenomenography and variation theoretical perspectives

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Capturing discernments : methodological issues in phenomenography and variation theoretical perspectives

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Publication Conference other
Title Capturing discernments : methodological issues in phenomenography and variation theoretical perspectives
Author Holmqvist, Mona
Research Centre Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies
Date 2016
English abstract
The ontological assumptions in phenomenography are based on the supposition that there is only one world, but different people construct their discernments of the world in different ways - their own ways - which results in an indefinite number of ways to discern the world. This is true for all instances, which means that we as researchers also capture our subjective perspectives of respondents' discernments in our research projects. This is a challenge, as we have so far mainly used interviews or respondents' texts as data material in phenomenographic analysis, which means we only capture what we discern from data in a subjective way. In analyzes based on variation theory, we claim to gather and analyze data to give a solid ground to understand what aspects of a phenomenon the respondent has discerned and what aspects of the object of learning they need to discern to develop their knowledge further (critical aspects). By that, there is a tension in our research approach, as this might indicate that there is an object of learning which is separeted from the subject and by that objectified, which is in contradiction with our non-dualistic standpoint. However, the relativistic stance in our framework gives us an acceptance for that there are objects which are the same to everyone, thus experienced differently depending on your previous experiences avoiding the objectivistic standpoint. Our methodological approaches rely on the utterances of the respondents which gives us access to experiences and discernments which the respondents are aware of and decides to share with us. Questioning if there is more to understand than what the respondents express, we have used eye-tracking as a method to understand what focus, and by that what becomes possible to discern from an object, respondents have. The results show differences in focus which gives different affordances for discernment, which the respondents are unaware of. In one study, we have used a new method to capture respondents' disernment, going beyond what they actually describe by their own expressions, namely eye-tracking. The results show differences in viewing-pattern, where respondents with an initial global overview of the material ended up with a more develpoed understanding about the content. I will discuss the method, its implications, how it was used in the conducted study, in what way this method can contribute to our research approach.
Conference
European assiciation of research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI) SIG 9 conference 2016 (24-26 of August 2016 : Gothenburgh, Sweden)
Language eng (iso)
Subject Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Note http://idpp.gu.se/english/cooperation/conferences/earli-sig-9-2016/pro... (see Details for more)
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/21899 Permalink to this page
Link http://idpp.gu.se/english/cooperation/conferences/... (external link to related web page)
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