Networks and labor market entry : a historical perspective

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Networks and labor market entry : a historical perspective

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Networks and labor market entry : a historical perspective
Author Håkansson, Peter ; Tovatt, Caroline
Research Centre Centre for Work Life and Evaluation Studies (CTA)
Date 2017
English abstract
This paper discusses how recruitment practices have changed over time. Networks and contacts are more important today for labor market entry than was the case in the latter half of the twentieth century. There may be two explanations for this: the short-run explanation and the long-run explanation. The short-run explanation derives from fluctuations in unemployment. When unemployment is high, competition for every vacancy is tougher and networks become more important for the job seeker. This has been the case in Sweden since 1991, when unemployment increased to new levels not experienced since the 1930s. In the long run, there has been a change in recruitment practices due to institutional change. A clear pattern is that the importance of social networks has increased, while the significance of public institutions (i.e. the Public Employment Service) has decreased.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/0023656X.2017.1250204 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher Routledge.
Host/Issue Labor History;1
Volume 58
ISSN 1469-9702
Pages 67-90
Language eng (iso)
Subject institutional change
labor market entry
Public Employment Service
recruitment practices
social capital
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/22254 Permalink to this page
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