Efficacy of low-level laser therapy in accelerating tooth movement, preventing relapse and managing acute pain during orthodontic treatment in humans : a systematic review

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Efficacy of low-level laser therapy in accelerating tooth movement, preventing relapse and managing acute pain during orthodontic treatment in humans : a systematic review

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Publication Article, review peer-reviewed scientific
Title Efficacy of low-level laser therapy in accelerating tooth movement, preventing relapse and managing acute pain during orthodontic treatment in humans : a systematic review
Author Sonesson, Mikael ; De Geer, Emelie ; Subraian, Jaqueline ; Petrén, Sofia
Date 2016
English abstract
Background: Recently low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been proposed to improve orthodontic treatment. The aims of this systematic review were to investigate the scientific evidence to support applications of LLLT: (a) to accelerate tooth movement, (b) to prevent orthodontic relapse and (c) to modulate acute pain, during treatment with fixed appliances in children and young adults. Methods: To ensure a systematic literature approach, this systematic review was conducted to Goodman's four step model. Three databases were searched (Medline, Cochrane Controlled Clinical Trials Register and Scitation), using predetermined search terms. The quality of evidence was rated according to the GRADE system Results: The search identified 244 articles, 16 of which fulfilled the inclusion criteria: three on acceleration of tooth movement by LLLT and 13 on LLLT modulation of acute pain. No study on LLLT for prevention of relapse was identified. The selected studies reported promising results for LLLT; elevated acceleration of tooth movement and lower pain scores, than controls. With respect to method, there were wide variations in type of laser techniques Conclusions: The quality of evidence supporting LLLT to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement is very low and low with respect to modulate acute pain. No studies met the inclusion criteria for evaluating LLLT to limit relapse. The results highlight the need for high quality research, with consistency in study design, to determine whether LLLT can enhance fixed appliance treatment in children and young adults.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-016-0242-8 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher BioMed Central
Host/Issue BMC Oral Health;11
Volume 17
ISSN 1472-6831
Pages 12
Language eng (iso)
Subject Low-level laser therapy
Orthodontics
Pain
Relapse
Tooth movement
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/23027 Permalink to this page
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