Effect of avocado/soybean unsaponifiables on ligature-induced bone loss and bone repair after ligature removal in rats

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Effect of avocado/soybean unsaponifiables on ligature-induced bone loss and bone repair after ligature removal in rats

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Effect of avocado/soybean unsaponifiables on ligature-induced bone loss and bone repair after ligature removal in rats
Author Oliveira, G. J. P. L. ; Paula, L. G. F ; Souza, J. A. C ; Spin-Neto, R ; Stavropoulos, Andreas ; Marcantonio, R. A. C
Date 2016
English abstract
Background and ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of administration of avocado/soybean unsaponifiable (ASU), a drug that is commonly used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, on ligature-induced bone loss and bone repair after ligature removal in rats. Material and MethodsEighty-four rats were randomly assigned to four groups of equal size and received a daily gavageof either sterile saline [control (CTR)] or ASU (0.6mg/kg), starting 7d before (ASU/-7), on the day of (ASU/0) or 7d after (ASU/+7) periodontitis induction. Periodontitis was induced by placing silk ligatures into the gingival sulcus of the second maxillary molars for 7d; after 7d, the ligatures were removed. Seven rats from each group were sacrificed, 7, 15 or 30d after ligature removal. Bone resorption was evaluated by histomorphometry and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expression of TRAP, RANKL and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to evaluate the levels of interleukin-1beta (Il1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (Tnf), interleukin-6 (Il-6), Rankl and Alp. Statistical analysis was performed using the Shapiro-Wilk test, ANOVA and Tukey's test for normal data, and using the Kruskall-Wallis and Dunnet's tests for non-normal data (p<0.05 ResultsHistomorphometry and micro-CT analysis showed greater bone resorption in the CTR group than in the ASU/0 (15d) and ASU/+7 (7 and 15d) groups. The CTR group also presented with a higher expression of TRAP (15 and 30d) and RANKL (7 and 15d) compared with ASU/0 and ASU/+7 groups. Similarly, qPCR analysis showed higher levels of Rankl and Il1 mRNAs, and lower levels of Alp mRNA, in the CTR group compared with all other groups (for all periods ConclusionASU exhibited a positive effect on bone repair following ligature-induced periodontitis in rats
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/jre.12312 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Host/Issue Journal of Periodontal Research;3
Volume 51
ISSN 0022-3484
Pages 332-341
Language eng (iso)
Subject animal studies
avocado
soybean unsaponifiables
host modulation
periodontitis
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/23031 Permalink to this page
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