Osseointegration of Implants : A Biological and Clinical Overview

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Osseointegration of Implants : A Biological and Clinical Overview

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Publication Article, review peer-reviewed scientific
Title Osseointegration of Implants : A Biological and Clinical Overview
Author Albrektsson, Tomas ; Chrcanovic, Bruno ; Jacobsson, Magnus ; Wennerberg, Ann
Date 2017
English abstract
Osseointegration was discovered in 1962 and coined as a term in 1977. Original definitions implied direct contact between foreign materials and bone without any interposed soft tissue layers. Today, osseointegration is regarded to be a foreign body response to separate foreign elements from bone. A new definition of the term is suggested in this paper; “Osseointegration is a foreign body reaction where interfacial bone is formed as a defense reaction to shield off the implant from the tissues”. Excellent clinical results of osseointegrated implants have been reported from dentistry and Ear Nose Throat surgery, the latter with the indications of a stable anchorage of hearing aids or facial epistheses in cases of facial trauma. In Orthopaedic surgery a randomized controlled clinical trial has been undertaken demonstrating very good clinical results supported by positive radiostereo-photogrammetical data.
Link https://www.jscimedcentral.com/DentalSurgery/denta... (external link to publication)
Publisher SciMedCentral
Host/Issue JSM Dental Surgery;3
Volume 2
ISSN 2573-1548
Language eng (iso)
Subject Osseointegration
Foreign body reaction
Oral implantology
Craniofacial implants
Hip arthroplasties
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/23317 Permalink to this page
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