Changes over 5 years in utilization of dental care by a Swedish age cohort

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Changes over 5 years in utilization of dental care by a Swedish age cohort

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Publication Article, other scientific
Title Changes over 5 years in utilization of dental care by a Swedish age cohort
Author(s) Ståhlnacke, Katri ; Söderfeldt, Björn ; Unell, Lennart ; Halling, Arne ; Axtelius, Björn
Date 2005
English abstract
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal development of the utilization of dental care, in relation to socio-economic factors and also considering perceived oral health, attitudes to dental care, dental anxiety, care organisation and changes in the way that dental care is paid for. A conflict model was used as a theoretical framework. METHODS: In 1992, a mail questionnaire was sent to all 50-year-old persons in two counties in Sweden, Orebro and Ostergotland, as part of a cross-sectional study. This study group numbered 8888 persons. In 1997, the same population was sent a new questionnaire. There were 5363 persons who completed the questionnaire in both 1992 and 1997. Changes in utilization of dental care were analysed. RESULTS: An increase in personal expenditure for care was obvious, 42% paid more in 1997 compared with 1992. In the study, 7% had prolonged their time since most recent visit and 12% had less frequent visits. In regression models, education, occupation, place of residence, country of birth, marital status, gender, dental anxiety, having poor perceived oral health and poor general health were associated with utilization. Care organisation factors showed there was a greater probability of having higher utilization and higher cost of care when private practitioners provided the care. CONCLUSION: Small changes in the utilization of dental care occurred during this study time. Inequality in utilization existed and socio-economic factors affected utilization as well as health perception and dental anxiety. Changes in the cost of care did not affect utilization appreciably, probably because of a selected population with high price elasticity. Having a private care provider compared with one in the public system affected the probability of having higher utilization and higher cost for care.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0528.2004.00198.x (link to publisher's fulltext)
Host/Issue Community dentistry and oral epidemiology;1
Volume 33
ISSN 0301-5661
Pages 64-73
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/2971 (link to this page)

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