Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Oral Health Care: Administration Strategies of General Dental Practitioners

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Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Oral Health Care: Administration Strategies of General Dental Practitioners

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Oral Health Care: Administration Strategies of General Dental Practitioners
Author(s) Ellervall, Eva ; Björklund, Fredrik ; Rohlin, Madeleine ; Vinge, Ellen ; Knutsson, Kerstin
Date 2005
English abstract
Objective. To examine the strategies that general dental practitioners (GDPs) use to administer antibiotic prophylaxis and to study the agreement between the administration strategies of GDPs and local recommendations. Methods. Postal questionnaires in combination with telephone interviews were used. Two hundred GDPs in two Swedish counties, Skåne and Örebro, were asked to participate. The response rate was 51 % (n=101). The GDPs were presented with eight simulated cases of patients with different medical conditions for which antibiotic prophylaxis might be considered necessary when performing dental procedures (scaling, tooth removal, root canal treatment). The administration strategies of the GDPs were compared with local recommendations. Results. In general, the variation in the administration strategies of the GDPs was large. For two medical condi-tions, type 1 diabetes that was not well controlled and hip prosthesis, significantly more GDPs in Skåne than in Örebro administered antibiotic prophylaxis for tooth removal. Agreement between the administration strategies of the GDPs and local recommendations was low. Differences between the two counties were non-significant. Furthermore, within Örebro, GDPs who did not have formal access to local recommendations did not differ in their administration strategies from those who did. The choice of substance was seldom in agreement with the substance recommended, while the majority followed the recommended duration of treatment. Conclusion. Although recommendations existed, their impact appeared to be limited. This is significant, since the implementation of recommendations is crucial in making clinical practice more effective and in promoting the health of patients.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016350500206660 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Host/Issue Acta Odontologica Scandinavica;6
Volume 63
ISSN 0001-6357
Pages 321-329
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/3042 (link to this page)

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