Risk factors associated with symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in a population of 50- and 60-year-old subjects

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Risk factors associated with symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in a population of 50- and 60-year-old subjects

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Risk factors associated with symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in a population of 50- and 60-year-old subjects
Author(s) Johansson, Anders ; Unell, Lennart ; Carlsson, Gunnar E ; Söderfeldt, Björn ; Halling, Arne
Date 2006
English abstract
The aims of this study were first to investigate, by means of a mail questionnaire, variables from three domains: (i) socio-economic attributes; (ii) general and oral health; and (iii) dental attitudes and behaviours in a large sample of 50- and 60-year-old subjects, and second to compare subjects with or without reported temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain with respect to these variables. In 2002, a questionnaire was mailed to all 50- and 60- year-old subjects in two Swedish counties, Örebro and Östergötland (n =17 138; n 50 = 8878; n 60 = 8260). Individuals not responding within 2 weeks were given a reminder. If still not answering, a new questionnaire was sent. The final response rate was 72.8% (n = 12 468). The reported responses to questions regarding ‘pain in the TMJ region’ and ‘difficulty to open the mouth wide’ were dichotomized into two groups: (i) no temporomandibular disorders (TMD) symptoms; and (ii) some, rather great or severe TMD symptoms. Striking differences in demographic, occupational, general and oral health conditions were found between the groups with and without TMD symptoms. The strongest risk indicator for both pain and dysfunction was reported bruxism. Women, younger subjects (50 years old) and bluecollar workers were significantly more prevalent in the TMD symptom groups. Variables related to impaired general and oral health were more common in the groups with reported TMD problems, whereas satisfaction with received dental care and wlth teeth was lower. Individuals with reported TMD symptoms differed significantly from those without TMD symptoms in socio-economic attributes, general and oral health symptoms, dental conditions and satisfaction with their teeth.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.2005.01574.x (link to publisher's fulltext)
Host/Issue Journal of Oral Rehabilitation;7
Volume 33
ISSN 0305-182X
Pages 473-481
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) epidemiology
etiology
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/3061 (link to this page)

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