Tracing genotypes of mutans streptococci on tooth sites by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis.

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Tracing genotypes of mutans streptococci on tooth sites by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis.

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Publication Article, other scientific
Title Tracing genotypes of mutans streptococci on tooth sites by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis.
Author(s) Redmo Emanuelsson, IM ; Carlsson, P ; Hamberg, Kristina ; Bratthall, Douglas
Date 2003
English abstract
The aim of this study was to clarify the distribution and persistence of mutans streptococci on different tooth sites in the same oral cavity. Thirteen subjects, aged 20-40 years, were examined. Salivary levels of mutans streptococci, caries prevalence, oral hygiene habits and status of tooth surfaces sampled were recorded. Plaque samples were obtained from four sites, the mesial and buccal surfaces of the first permanent molar on the right side of the lower jaw (46m and 46b), the distal surface of the first permanent premolar (24d) and the mesial surface of the second permanent premolar (25m) on the left side of the upper jaw, using sterile toothpicks on two occasions at 4-7-month intervals. The samples were cultivated on site-specific Strip mutans. Up to 10 colonies/site were isolated when present and genotyped by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis, after species identification with PCR. Genotyping was also performed by restriction endonuclease analysis (REA) on 148 isolates, and results were consistent with the RAPD results. Most mutans streptococcus-positive samples were obtained from 46m. Within each individual, the same genotype occurred on at least two sites on all but one sampling occasion. A maximum of seven different genotypes were found in an individual. For a particular tooth site, four genotypes occurred simultaneously and taking both sampling occasions together the maximum was six different types. The same genotypes/types were found again after 4-7 months on 25 sites in 12 subjects. Fifteen sites were mutans streptococcus-positive on only one sampling occasion. The results indicate that several different genotypes of mutans streptococci colonize a tooth site, and that the same genotype colonizes several sites in the same oral cavity. Persistence of genotypes on a site for several months and interindividual differences in the occurrence of genotypes were also found.
Host/Issue Oral Microbiol Immunol
Pages 18: 24-29
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/3109 (link to this page)

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